Sperm Count

Apr 15, 2012 , Michaela Knollová

spermiogram.jpg - kopie
spermiogram.jpg - kopie
Sperm count is a special examination of sperms under the microscope which allows us to determine their quality. Sperm count is done when a couple have problems with conceiving or if a man himself decides to donate sperms. The quality, quantity of sperm, their speed, direction of movement and the presence of antibodies in the sperm and its pH is interpreted during the sperm count. A doctor may recommend further possibilities based on the results of sperm count.

Sperm Count

Sperm count is a microscopic examination in a laboratory which allows us to find the quality of sperm, i.e. fertility. Sperm count is performed when a couple has problems with conception or when a man himself decides to donate sperms. The examination is composed of a removal of sperms, specialist´s evaluation and consultation with patient.


Sperms or semen has two main components. Cell component contains sperms and non-cell component is represented by the fluid part of sperm. It is essentially for men´s fertility that the creation of sperms runs smoothly and that the fluid in which sperms are preserved, has the right quality. Sperms arise in convoluted tubes of testes from germ cells in which spermatogenesis occur. During this process the germs cells are intensively divided until they become gamete, i.e. sperms. The whole process lasts for 72 days and for the appropriate course a lower temperature than the temperature of the body is necessary, what is disposed by nature by localisation of testes in a scrotum, i.e. in a leathery sac below the penis, and by sufficient amount of male hormones, especially testosterone. The fluid, in which sperms are stored in the testes, has the basic nature and contains many minerals, vitamin C, carbohydrates and proteins. The function of this fluid is to nourish sperms and protect sperms from the acid environment after the entry of sperm into a vulva.


If the course of creation, storing and transfer of sperms is distorted, impairments of infertility develop. Infertility is defined as an inability of a couple to conceive a child within two years during regular unprotected sexual intercourse. The causations of male infertility can be hormonal impairment of regulation of sperms creation, functional impairments of tissue in testes in which sperms are formed, impairments of immune system during which the immune system forms antibodies against its own sperms, erectile and ejaculation dysfunction or absence of sperms in the semen which man may not even noticed, for example, due to occlusion of the deferent canal , through which sperms are transported into the urethra and then out of the body. Unhealthy lifestyle, the environment, use of certain drugs, and excessive sauna and hot baths which warm the testicles, have also the effect on fertility. The way of treatment is chosen according to the cause of infertility which is confirmed by sperm count. However, if the treatment has not a positive effect, the methods of assisted reproduction are offered to patient.

Course of Sperm Count

Sperm count is performed in centres of assisted reproduction. Sperm sample is collected from the male through masturbation. Before sampling it is necessary that the man comply with at least 2-3 days of sexual fast to avoid skewed results. The man´s sperms are collected into a special sterile container in privacy in the collection room of the centre of assisted reproduction. The rooms are equipped with a television with DVD player together with saucy movies and men's magazines for pleasant moments. After collection, the container with the semen sample is given to laboratory for immediate examination.

Evaluation of Sperm Count

A basic evaluation of sperm count is performed macroscopically and microscopically. Macroscopic examination examines the total volume of the semen, its colour, viscosity, time of condensation and pH. The number of sperms in one ml of semen is determined by microscopic examination, it also determines their shape, size, presence of antibodies, the content of fructose, i.e. a sugar which provides energy for the sperm in 1 ml and quality of sperm. The total volume of ejaculate is normally around 3-5 ml. pH should be in the slightly alkaline values. But the most important is the number and quality of sperm. 30 to 50 million sperms should be in 1 ml of semen. Here applies the more, the better. The lower limit for fertility is 20 million sperm per one millilitre of semen. Further, the percentage of living sperms is evaluated during sperm count (at least 75%), the percentage of healthy developed sperms (at least 30%) and sperms motility in which we evaluate both velocity and direction of movement.

Interpretation of Sperm Count

After interpreting the sperm count a couple is invited to a meeting with an expert who will explain their test results and recommend  further possibilities to them. It is important to realize that when a man has low amount of sperms, it does not mean that he cannot be a father. Artificial insemination or assisted reproduction is recommended to these couples. One of these methods is intrauterine insemination (IUI) where the sperms are injected directly into the woman's uterus, which increases the chances of getting pregnant due to the shortage of the long journey of sperm to an egg. Another method is intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in which the best viable sperm is selected and injected directly into the egg taken in advance from a partner. Thus fertilized egg is then injected into the woman's uterus. For men who do not have any sperms in ejaculate, it is now possible to remove sperms by microsurgical technique directly from the epididymal duct where the sperms clump or from testicular tubules where their creation is done directly.




clouds: This is a true life experience with Doctor Covenant who helped me save my marriage by doing a pregnancy spell for me. My name is jenny clouds and i from somalia but currently live in manchester . my husband and i have been married for over 6 years. We didn't have any children. My husband was not happy with this because we have tried for many years now to have a child that we thought of adopting but the idea wasn't the best for us. my husband even talked about divorce!! i was scared to loose my husband.3 months after my husband started talking about divorce, i saw a post on facebook which taled about a spell caster on how he helpes people from various problems and his name was Dr Covenant. I sent a mail to him through his email address [email protected], I explained everything to him and he told me not to worry. i was over excited, he comforted me with his words, he told me that we are going to do a pregnancy spell, i was scared but i had no choice. he told me what to do and i did it. he actually did the pregnancy spell, he gave me assurance that i will become pregnant in 2 days, i thought he was joking. this is the 11th month after meeting Dr Covenant, now i have a set of twins, a boy and a girl. God bless you Dr Covenant, thank you for what you have done for me, Please contact and meet Doctor Covenant if you are passing through any difficulty in life like the one i was passing through contact [email protected] or call or add him on watsapp on +1(571)489-6842. there are still real people out there helping people. [email protected] is one of them.he also help in lottery winning too, if you want to win lottery now also contact him

May 16, 2018 4:49 PM

i am so happy to share this testimony with the world because generally there are so many doubts about the cure of hpv and cancer This is real take it serious, i am so happy that today i can give this testimony to the world and also help in saving life of people who has been condemned for death just as i was ,who will believe that herbs can cure hpv and cancer completely from the body, i never believe that this will work, i have spend a lot of money getting drugs from the hospital to keep me healthy, it got to a time that all i was waiting for is death to come because i was broke and i already have strong outbreaks from the hpv, one day i was going through the internet asking questions online just to know more about the latest development in the medical sector to see if there is still hope then i stumbled on a post about about this great man called Dr. Ehiagwina through a publicly made a testimony on how she was also cured of ALS by this herbal doctor who is well known for his strong ancient herbal practice at first i doubted both the woman and the doctor just as so many that see's this post would doubt because medically it has been proven impossible but later i decided to give him a try so i emailed him I did not believe him that much, I just wanted to give him a try, he replied my mail and Needed some Information about me, then I sent them to him, he prepare herbal medicine and sent it through Courier Service for delivery, he gave my details to the Courier Office. they told me that 3-5 days I will receive the package and after receiving it, i took the medicine as prescribed by him at the end of 13days that the medicine lasted, he told me to go to the hospital for a test, and i went, surprisingly after the test the doctor confirm me hpv negative and cancer disappear i thought it was a joke, i went to other hospitals and was also negative the doctors were speechless and i said it was a miracle, thank you sir for saving my life even if you cannot see this post i shall never stop testifying the impact you made in my life by restoring back my life when i was being stigmatized and even avoided by family and friends , I promise I will always testify of your good works. Dr. Ehiagwina contact: [email protected] OR call +2348162084504 you can also add him on whatsapp.

March 19, 2018 11:08 AM

Luciano: Sperm motility decirsbes the ability of sperm to move properly towards an egg. This can also be thought of as the quality' of the sperm, which is a factor in successful pregnancies, as opposed to the quantity'. Sperm which do not properly swim', will not reach the egg in order to fertilize it. Sperm motility facilitates the passage of the sperm through the zona pellucida, which is a membrane that surrounds the plasma membrane of an oocyte. For example, in the wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus, sperm aggregates form mobile trains that possess an enhanced fertilization capability because they are better suited to navigate the viscous environment of the female reproductive tract. The trains move in a sinusoidal motion, individual spermatozoa have impaired fertilization capacity.Normal Sperm Motility : 40 % or more of the sperm are motile and mean sperm velocity is 20 (b5m/s (micro meter / second)) or more. http://iftcrof.com [url=http://nfcaak.com]nfcaak[/url] [link=http://rrdloiewi.com]rrdloiewi[/link]

March 2, 2016 7:05 PM

Mkrtich: a agree with tina 1000% correct but in my case <a href="http://tkgtgnmz.com">instaed</a> of doing all this no improvement was shown till 5 years ya 5 years we tried cold bath, supplement tablets, no alcohol all and everything but his count was less than motality was very low and texture of sample was thick which was taking 2 3 hrs to liqidate meanwhile sperms were not able to move and die we tried for IUI IVF now we are feeling sorry to waste five years waiting for IMPROVEMENT.all the best

March 2, 2016 1:52 PM

Eman: you wanted to get prnagnet sorry, what i did was figure out when i ovulated instead of having sex all the time since that actually lowers the amount of sperm he ejaculates each time. i wasn't on any birth control either. they also have fertility monitors that might be alot cheaper then that powder because you will only get prnagnet when you are ovulating. if the monitor is too expensive there are plent of baby sites online to help you figure out when you do ovulate. good luck and best wishes!

February 21, 2016 7:53 AM

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.