Treatment of chronic hepatitis

Jul 10, 2012 , Pavel Xinopulos

chronicka-hepatitida-a-jeji-lecba.jpg - kopie
chronicka-hepatitida-a-jeji-lecba.jpg - kopie
Chronic hepatitis is a viral desease of the liver that last longer then six months. The most frequent of chronic hepatitis is hepatitis B and C. These may lead to the development of liver cirrhosis, liver cancer and mailfunction of this organ.

Treatment of chronic hepatitis

The liver is organ essential for life. The liver provide a range of chemical processes by which our body eliminate waste products. Many substances are also created by the liver. One of the interesting functions of liver is to maintain a constant blood sugar which is necessary for proper functioning of the brain and other organs. The liver provides to human body supplies of energy, even when we do not consume any food. The liver is well perfused organ and thus it helps to maintain a constant body temperature. At the same time the liver is also involved in blood clotting. The functions of liver are very diverse.

Development of chronic hepatitis

Chronic inflammation of the liver, hepatitis professionally, can be simply divided into infective, i.e. viral hepatitis, and non-infectious, for example caused by alcohol. It is a very heterogeneous group of diseases which differ in development.

Infectious hepatitis

Within infectious inflammations of the liver we can talk about chronic hepatitis B and C. In nearly 100% of cases, hepatitis A does not develop into the chronic from. We classify hepatitis as the chronic infectious liver inflammation that lasts longer than six months and laboratory methods can be used to demonstrate the presence of virus in the body during this period or longer. Chronic hepatitis is the result of imperfect reaction of our immune system to acute infection caused by the hepatitis virus. Symptoms of this disease are very diverse, but it must be emphasized that in a large number of patients is hepatitis found randomly during blood sampling.

Non-infectious hepatitis

Non-infectious hepatitis are in most cases caused by alcohol, medication or narcotics. Furthermore, impairment of other organs is common, e.g. gall bladder or an autoimmune disease, thus such a disease in which immune system's cells damage organs in the body.

Symptoms of chronic hepatitis

The common symptoms include still growing fatigue, the pressure in the right hypochondrium, joint and muscle pain, flu-like symptoms. It is not rare that the disease is asymptomatic. Also jaundice is not often expressed with typical yellowing of the skin and eye sclera. Therefore, patients often visit the doctor with problems that are already result of the ligament reconstruction of liver, i.e. cirrhosis, which were caused by asymptomatic chronic infection with hepatitis B or C. Patients with chronic hepatitis are thus exposed to several times higher risk of the development of liver cirrhosis, often many years after initial contact with hepatitis. Cirrhosis is often good ground for the development of liver cancer, so-called hepatocellular carcinoma. The only reliable way to determine whether the patient is suffering from hepatitis B or C is then the direct detection of virus in the blood.

Treatment of chronic hepatitis

Treatment of chronic hepatitis B or C is crucial and significantly influences the prognosis of this disease. Naturally, its aim is to prolong and enhance the quality of patient's life. The basis is observed liver diet, completely renounce alcohol and avoid physical exertion. It is long term treatment in which is used medication from group of virostatics. During the treatment with antivirals is the multiplication of the virus in liver cells suppressed, thereby slowing down the development of disease to such degree that the patient is in many cases able to live another ten years. Pharmaceuticals may be administered in the form of tablets or injections, and should be only prescribed by an expert in this disease. The best results in the treatment of chronic hepatitis have so-called interferons. These are proteins that are naturally produced by the cells of immune system. Interferons prevent own cells from infections and tumor proliferation. In the 90's were used only interferons to treat chronic hepatitis. It was so-called monotherapy. Nowadays are interferons combined with antiviral drugs, e.g. ribavirin. This combination is highly effective in the fight against chronic hepatitis B and C. The future treatment of chronic hepatitis involves the use of pegylated interferon in combination with ribavirin. Since the end of 2011 is to original dual combination of antivirotics added a third component, and thus is the effectiveness of chronic hepatitis treatment increased and unwanted side effects are reduced. Within the treatment we can also use some herbal preparations. Positive impact is from milk thistle, dandelion, chionanthus, gentian or yellow sorrel. It is necessary to consult with your doctor the use of these preparations.

Treatment of non-infectious hepatitis

In the case of non-infectious hepatitis especially after excessive use of alcohol, medications or drugs is permanent elimination of this cause necessary. In the case of the inflammation of liver caused by medication is treatment relatively easy, at least in the initial stages of the disease. In contrast, in alcoholics or drug abusers leads chronic hepatitis often to the liver failure and subsequent death.

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