Apr 7, 2012 , MUDr. Ján Podhorec

tromboza.jpg - kopie
tromboza.jpg - kopie
Thrombosis is a disease where in a blood vessel a blood clot – technically a thrombus is formed. Thrombosis often occurs in blood vessels that are already damaged by atherosclerosis or inflammation. Thrombosis is especially dangerous because the blood clot can detach and get into other important blood vessels, which it can clog.


Thrombosis is a condition where a blood clot, technically a thrombus, is formed that clogs the involved blood vessel. Thrombosis can occur in both arteries and veins. However, the consequences are different. Arterial thrombosis leads to ischemia, i.e. the tissue supplied by the respective artery is pallid. Venous thrombosis worsens the outflow of blood, which accumulates in front of the obstacle. This condition is technically called venous stasis. Thrombosis can have many causes.

Causes of thrombosis

There are many causes leading to the formation of blood clots and thus the formation of venous thrombosis. It is especially increased blood clotting, slowing of blood flow and damage of the venous wall.

  • Increased blood clotting is an imbalance between stimulating and inhibiting factors. This may be a hereditary matter where the patient suffers from a lack of various enzymes and clotting factors. However, it is possible to obtain this condition during life. Some tumors are capable of releasing substances that increase blood clotting. The same effect has also hormonal contraception.
  • A slowed blood flow can occur due to prolonged immobilization of the patient whether in terms of standing, sitting, or lying in bed. Blood flow can be slowed down by a tumor, which obstructs the respective blood vessel.
  • The venous wall may be damaged after injury, an injection, due to smoking, or after the introduction of a catheter.

Symptoms of thrombosis

As already mentioned, the symptoms of thrombosis are diverse. It largely depends on whether it is from a blood clot blocking an artery or a vein.

Symptoms of arterial thrombosis

If the thrombus occurs in the artery ischemia occurs, i.e. the part of the body, to which the artery supplies oxygenated blood and nutrients, is pallid. This causes pain and if the artery is clogged completely and the blood flow is not restored in time, then there is a risk of necrosis of this part of body or tissue. A result of arterial thrombosis is heart attack, renal failure, or stroke.

Symptoms of venous thrombosis

A different situation is a clot in the veins. Most often this occurs in the veins of the lower extremities, especially in the deep veins. Thrombosis of a smaller scale may be asymptomatic. But often, the thrombus in this area causes pain and swelling of the limbs. It is due to the decreased outflow of blood, so it accumulates here. This condition is life-threatening because the thrombus may tear off and wedge in the pulmonary arteries and cause pulmonary embolism.

Diagnosis of thrombosis

Diagnosis of venous thrombosis is based on clinical symptoms and the use of imaging techniques. A standard for determining the presence of venous thrombosis is duplex ultrasonography. It is a painless non-invasive method by which we can assess the condition of the veins, their narrowing, and the presence of a thrombus and blood flow. Most often are used compression methods where the vein is pressed during this examination by a probe. In the case that it is not possible it proves the presence of blood clots. Less frequently is used a CT method, i.e. computed tomography. X-rays are used to create a comprehensive picture of the patient's tissues. Its advantage is that we can also scan the lungs if pulmonary embolism is suspected. In the diagnosis of arterial thrombosis also ultrasound is used, with which we can detect a thrombus in an artery.

Treatment of thrombosis

Thrombosis is a life-threating condition. It is therefore necessary to immediately see a doctor if you suspect this condition. The sooner thrombosis is diagnosed, the sooner an effective treatment can be initiated. Treatment of thrombosis may be both invasive and non-invasive.

Non-invasive treatment of thrombosis

Non-invasive treatment means that there is no penetration of tools or equipment in to the patient. If a blood clot is in a vein, usually the first step is to bandage the limb with a compression bandage, which usually leads to pain relief. In these phases movement is important for the patient, but of course not for everyone is this suitable and beneficial. Movement may be prevented by excessive swelling or a poor general condition of the patient. Given that thrombosis is determined by unregulated blood clotting in the blood vessels treatment focuses on reducing this process. For this many special drugs are available, such as heparin or similar substances.

Invasive treatment of thrombosis

Invasive methods mean that during treatment tools or equipment are introduced in to the patient. But these methods of treatment of venous thrombosis are in these days rather a last option. This includes a catheterization procedure in which a catheter is inserted in to the vein, which is a special device in the form of tubing. With it you can disrupt a blood clot in the vein and restore blood flow. Another option is to surgically open the vein and remove the clot.

Prevention of thrombosis

Thrombosis should not be underestimated. Thrombosis can be largely avoided. It is recommended to stop smoking, keeping your blood pressure and cholesterol levels within normal range, sufficient exercise and weight reduction. It is also recommended to avoid prolonged standing. Women should consult with their doctor the use of hormonal contraception.


infath: п»їHis sleepy haze evaporated at the sight before him. Juliana's fully naked and slender body was splayed out on the bed. Her hands had been rubbing her soft pussy at least Newlyn was pretty sure they had been. Juliana had responded to the door opening too.
<a href=>Naked Women</a>

January 18, 2020 4:22 PM

Thank you! Helpful stuff! <a href="">cialis online</a>

January 17, 2020 10:41 PM

infath: п»їBrandi tries to be a good mom, and allows her son to have two of his friends stay overnight, things get heated when the boys realize how little she likes to wear. Her son is furious at the flirtation but also drawn to it
<a href=></a>

January 17, 2020 10:10 PM

Nicely spoken indeed! !
<a href=>online pharmacies canada</a> <a href=>provigil lawsuit</a> <a href=>generic viagra without subscription</a> <a href=>canada pharmacy online</a> <a href=>canada drugs online</a> <a href=>canadian pharmacy viagra</a>

January 17, 2020 9:43 PM

infath: What did you think was going to be amazing but turned out to be horrible?
<a href=>namethatporn</a>

January 17, 2020 7:24 PM

Point nicely used!! <a href="">top rated online canadian pharmacies</a>

January 17, 2020 6:26 PM

Clarkinork: You actually explained that very well!
<a href=>canada online pharmacies</a> <a href=>price pro pharmacy canada</a>

January 17, 2020 4:50 PM

You said it perfectly.. <a href="">valacyclovir 500 mg</a> <a href="">cialis tablets</a> <a href="">fluconazole bnf</a> <a href="">Cialis Drug Interactions Side Effects</a> <a href=""></a> <a href="">Ingredients Zanaflex</a> <a href="">doxycycline for dogs</a>

January 17, 2020 4:39 PM

Nicely spoken truly. .
<a href="">tamsulosin hydrochloride</a> <a href="">Order Hydrochlorothiazide 25mg Without Prescription</a> <a href="">Purchase Lasix 40mg Without Script</a> <a href="">zestoretic</a> <a href="">generic advair diskus</a> <a href="">Pet Fluconazole</a>

January 17, 2020 3:48 PM

Regards! A lot of content!
<a href="">buy generic viagra</a>

January 17, 2020 1:42 PM

Awesome data, Many thanks.
<a href=>canadian online pharmacy</a> <a href=>canadian pharcharmy online</a> <a href=>aarp approved canadian online pharmacies</a> <a href=>brand viagra without a doctor prescription</a> <a href=>canadian pharmacies</a> <a href=>canadian pharmacies</a> <a href=>canadianpharmacy</a>

January 17, 2020 10:40 AM

Truly many of wonderful data.
<a href="">Discount Flomax Online From Canada</a> <a href="">Celebrex Prescription Assistance Program</a> <a href="">prednisone tablets</a> <a href="">advair coupon</a>

January 17, 2020 9:40 AM

Incredible many of good info! <a href="">100mg viagra without a doctor prescription</a>

January 17, 2020 8:47 AM

JasonVeiDo: 【揚歌-教學麥克風直營店】官方線上購物網站─JM-180B有線麥克風擴音器│無線麥克風擴音器│揚歌小蜜蜂│專營教學麥克風及教學擴音器

January 17, 2020 7:09 AM

ThomasHok: 【揚歌-教學麥克風直營店】官方線上購物網站─JM-180B有線麥克風擴音器│無線麥克風擴音器│揚歌小蜜蜂│專營教學麥克風及教學擴音器

January 17, 2020 7:06 AM

Katyatem: Делюсь секретами, как купить квартиру напрямую у застройщика в полтора раза дешевле.
Все полезные ссылки ниже.
<a href=>новостройка планировки и цены от застройщика</a>
<a href=>купить новостройку с отделкой</a>
<a href=>1 комнатные новостройки</a>
<a href=>новостройки рядом</a>
<a href=>какие новостройки</a>

January 17, 2020 7:04 AM

RichardBlUpt: <a href=>магнитные замки на межкомнатные двери bonat b-one</a> заказать круглое стекло в Москве юао в дмитрове

January 17, 2020 4:40 AM

IsmaelBrock: You actually stated it adequately. <a href="">canadapharmacy</a> <a href="">prednisone taper</a> <a href="">tamsulosina</a> <a href="">When Taking Flagyl Does Infection Drain</a>

January 17, 2020 4:21 AM

Larrycoawl: You expressed that fantastically! <a href="">citalopram 20 mg</a>

January 17, 2020 4:07 AM

Seriously tons of helpful knowledge.
<a href="">How Much Does An Advair Inhaler Cost</a> <a href="">canadian pharmacy viagra brand</a> <a href="">When Fda Approved Tamsulosin</a> <a href="">doxycycline monohydrate 100mg</a>

January 17, 2020 3:30 AM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.