Skin Disease

Apr 8, 2012 , Translated by Kristina Knazko

nemoci-kuze.jpg - kopie
nemoci-kuze.jpg - kopie
Skin disease develops from damage to the integrity of the skin. The most common symptoms of skin disease include itching, burning or pain. Redness, swelling, blisters, buds and so on can occur as well. Skin disease may just be a symptom of a more serious disease, and if in doubt, it is always best to see a dermatologist.

Skin Disease

Skin is the largest organ in the human body with a surface area of between 1.6 and 1.8 m². Its thickness varies according to its location on the body. For example, the skin on the eyelid is the thinnest, measuring a mere 0.5mm. On the other hand, very thick skin is found on the soles of the feet, with a thickness of about 4mm. The skin is made up of three parts. The outer layer is called the epidermis. Underneath is the dermis where one can find hair follicles, sweat glands, vessels to nourish the epidermis, as well as nerves. The deepest layer contains the subcutaneous tissue and fat. Its main function is to protect against the harmful effects of the outside environment. In medical literature it is also known as the skin barrier. As soon as the barrier is damaged, pollutants from the outside environment can make their way into the body, resulting in various illnesses, including skin disease.

Causes of Skin Disease

What are the most common causes of skin disease? Just like in other organs, disease processes occur in the skin. Skin disease usually manifests itself as inflammation or as a malignant or benign tumor. The main factors that cause these changes in the skin are the mediators of the external environment. These can be physical – rays of the sun, heat, cold etc., as well as chemical or biological. Biological causes can include parasites, fungi, viruses and bacteria. Other factors that can cause skin disease are immune mechanisms, genetics or other, unknown causes.

Physical and Biological Causes of Skin Disease

There are many known types of skin disease. Those with mechanical causes can include calluses, corns, sores and bed sores or decubitus ulcers. Burns occur with excessive heat, whereas damage or frost bite can occur in low temperatures. When exposed to ultraviolet sun rays or in a solarium where these rays are even more aggressive, some people may develop inflammation of the skin, medically called solar dermatitis. The skin can also be affected by parasites such as lice or scurvy. Skin infections are commonly caused by fungi and yeast and viral diseases usually cause warts and herpes. The latter is often found at public pools and similar humid places. Bacteria are also involved in skin disease. Examples of these bacterial diseases include inflammation of the hair follicle, nail bed, sweat and sebaceous glands. Consequences of inflamed sebaceous glands, where the bacteria propagate, is acne. Skin disease can also affect hair, including body hair, and can result in hair loss or baldness as well as excess hair growth. Changes due to skin disease may also affect nails, primarily changes in shape and quality.

Skin Disease Caused by Allergies and Immune Mechanisms

With the constant rise in allergies, even with unknown causes, eczema and hives can occur. This is difficult to treat as it is often not known how to eliminate the causes. Skin disease caused by autoimmune reactions, where the body is fighting against itself, create a type of skin disease called lupus, medically called lupus erythematous. This disease does not only affect the skin, but other organs as well. In this case, the skin develops red spots on the face, typically in the shape of butterfly wings. One may also become sensitive to sunlight and in the case of damaged hair follicles, may develop hair loss. Impaired proliferation of skin cells can cause skin diseases such as psoriasis, impetigo or lichen sclerosis. Scleroderma is a disease of the connective tissue, characterized by thickening of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.

Malfunction of pigmentation and skin disease

Malfunction of pigmentation can also cause a number of skin diseases such as albinism, a rare disease caused by a lack of melanin and manifested by very fair skin that is easily sunburnt. Another malfunction of pigmentation is vitiligo, where white spots appear on otherwise normal skin. On the other hand, one can be faced with various dark blotches, freckles and birth marks. Some birth marks need to be monitored and checked out by a dermatologist on a regular basis because the effects of outside factors can cause innocent freckles to develop into skin tumors.

Symptoms of Skin Disease

Skin diseases are characterized by multiple symptoms that thanks to easy access and visibility can often be notice immediately. These can include various blotches, buds, bumps, blisters or scales, scabs, tears, abrasions and ulcers. The most common symptom of skin disease is itchiness, which can be quite bothersome. Burning, pain, tightness, redness or swelling may follow. All these manifestations of skin disease develop from the root cause of the disease.

Skin Disease and its Complications

Complications of skin disease develop from a certain type of illness and its localization. For example, with seemingly ordinary acne, another type of skin disease can develop secondarily, a type of infection that will worsen the course of the acne and prolong its healing, eventually even leaving scars. More severe complications can occur, such as lupus, which can cause damage to major organs, such as swelling inside the heart. There is whole list of complications from skin disease, from minor and easily treatable, to life threatening conditions. This is why prompt treatment for any disease, not just skin disease, is very important.

Treatment of Skin Disease

The treatment of skin disease depends on the type and causes of the illness. Other treatments are used for sunburns and others for bacterial invasion or its propagation. For minor sunburns, a cold and soothing skin gel is applied. With more severe sunburn cases, a more complex treatment is needed, such as IV treatment, medical care and sometimes even hospitalization. In bacterial skin diseases such as acne, medication against the specific bacteria is necessary. These medications include antibiotics, which in light forms are enough for local application, i.e. creams.

Prevention of Skin Disease

As with most other illnesses, it is important to try and prevent skin disease. We ourselves can play a large part in prevention. This is done by protecting our skin from the sun's rays with the application of sunscreen, as well as shields and appropriate clothing. Furthermore, with any kind of handling of chemicals, the skin should be protected with gloves or clothing. In biological instances, which enter the body through any sort of cut or injury, it is necessary to treat the injury with disinfectant promptly and then cover with a band aid or bandage so that parasites, bacteria and others do not have a chance of entering the body. As further precaution against skin disease, we can support our immune system, which when it is weakened, the body becomes vulnerable and more susceptible to disease, skin and other. Unfortunately it is not possible to influence genetic predisposition or autoimmune processes, but thanks to these preventative measures, one can still do a lot for the body and avoid some types of skin disease.


RolandoElozy: price of cialis <a href=" ">tadalafil</a> cialis 200mg
coffee with cialis how much does cialis cost at walmart
cialis generic <a href=>generic cialis for sale</a> cialis for daily use

October 31, 2020 1:01 PM

Miguelviast: viagra walmart <a href=" ">viagra</a> where to buy viagra and <a href=" ">generic viagra</a> how much viagra should i take the first time?
men with ed viagra 100mg or cheap viagra 100mg
viagra 100mg price <a href=>buy viagra generic</a> where to get viagra for <a href=>cheap viagra</a> viagra from canada

October 30, 2020 2:55 PM

RobertArode: viagra price comparison <a href=" ">buy viagra generic</a> viagra cost
prescription drugs where to buy viagra online
generic viagra online <a href=>buy viagra online</a> cheapest generic viagra

October 30, 2020 12:52 PM

Justinmum: cost of viagra <a href=" ">cheap generic viagra</a> viagra otc
erectional dysfunction viagra coupons

October 30, 2020 1:24 AM

Anthonyvah: generic name for viagra <a href=" ">buy generic viagra online</a> how to buy viagra
how to overcome ed

October 29, 2020 5:19 PM

Justinmum: canadian pharmacy generic viagra <a href=" ">viagra without prescription</a> viagra over the counter
ed online pharmacy 100mg viagra

October 29, 2020 12:42 AM

Anthonyvah: viagra 100mg price <a href=" ">cheap generic viagra</a> viagra doses 200 mg
canadian pharmacy online

October 28, 2020 6:12 PM

Justinmum: cheap viagra online canadian pharmacy <a href=" ">viagra without a doctor prescription</a> buy viagra online
natural ed buy viagra online cheap

October 27, 2020 11:43 PM

ErnestFlulP: viagra cheap <a href=" ">canadian pharmacy viagra</a> cvs viagra
ed treatment cheapest generic viagra
best place to buy viagra online <a href=>buy cheap viagra</a> viagra generic

October 27, 2020 7:42 PM

Anthonyvah: price of viagra <a href=" ">canadian pharmacy viagra</a> viagra amazon
ed clinic

October 26, 2020 9:49 AM

WilliamTok: <a href=" ">best ed drugs</a> or <a href=" ">canadian drugstore online</a> or <a href=" ">erectile dysfunction cure</a> or <a href=" ">prescription drugs without doctor approval</a> or <a href=" ">ed causes and cures</a> or <a href=" ">pharmacy drugs</a> or <a href=" ">generic ed pills</a> or <a href=" ">buying ed pills online</a> or <a href=" ">ed treatments that really work</a> or <a href=" ">pharmacy online</a> or <a href=" ">best male ed pills</a> or <a href=" ">cheap pet meds without vet prescription</a> or <a href=" ">ed drugs</a> or <a href=" ">ed problems treatment</a> or <a href=" ">ed cures</a>

October 25, 2020 3:35 PM

Michaelpaf: buy prescription drugs online without <a href=" ">buy cheap prescription drugs online</a>
ed drugs meds online without doctor prescription
<a href=>medications without a doctor's prescription</a> buy generic pills

October 25, 2020 9:28 AM

WilliamTok: prescription drugs without a doctor <a href=" ">meds online without doctor prescription</a>
prescription drugs without doctor approval meds without a doctor prescription
[url=]buy cheap prescription drugs online[/url] prescription drugs online without doctor

October 24, 2020 5:39 PM

Winstongague: samples of cialis <a href=" ">tadalafil</a> cialis or viagra
cialis ingredient canada cialis

October 24, 2020 3:24 AM

JeromeBut: fastest delivery of cialis buying online <a href=" ">buy cialis</a> samples of cialis
when is the best time to take cialis cialis patent expiration
legitimate cialis by mail <a href=>generic cialis without prescription</a> cialis pills for sale

October 23, 2020 2:14 PM

Winstongague: cialis in canada <a href=" ">cialis online</a> generic cialis bitcoin
fda warning list cialis interactions for cialis

October 22, 2020 6:47 PM

Thomascon: ed cure: <a href=" ">drugs without doctor prescription</a> and <a href=" ">Without Doctor Prescription</a> and <a href=" ">drugs without doctor prescription</a> buy generic ed pills online ed treatments that really work or drugs causing ed or hims ed pills or cheap erectile dysfunction

October 21, 2020 7:25 PM

Timothynof: ed pills for sale: <a href=" ">generic</a> and <a href=" ">ed meds online without doctor prescription</a> and <a href=" ">drugs without doctor prescription</a> real viagra without a doctor prescription usa cheap erectile dysfunction pills or ed medication or buy anti biotics without prescription or ed clinic

October 21, 2020 5:57 PM

Emanueltam: viagra prezzo farmacia <a href=" ">viagra generico</a> viagra prezzo in farmacia
dove acquistare viagra online sicuro acquisto viagra online sicuro
viagra prezzo in farmacia <a href=>viagra originale pagamento alla consegna</a> farmacia italiana online vendita cialis

October 18, 2020 12:03 AM

Curtisvum: viagra <a href=" ">prezzo viagra 100 mg</a> viagra generico
viagra prezzo farmacia dove acquistare viagra online sicuro
prezzo viagra 100 mg <a href=>vendita viagra in italia</a> viagra prezzo in farmacia

October 17, 2020 8:39 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.