Hypertension - Causes

Apr 7, 2012 , Translated by Kristina Knazko

hypertenze-priciny.jpg - kopie
hypertenze-priciny.jpg - kopie
Hypertension is a disease of civilization and is responsible for the development of a number of other illnesses. Causes of hypertension are not certain for all hypertension sufferers, as it is combination of various internal and environmental factors. The cause of hypertension can be determined only in a small percentage of patients. In these cases, the problem is hidden in one of the body’s organs.

Causes of Hypertension

High blood pressure, or hypertension, has become a disease of civilization. Up to 20% of the world's population suffers from hypertension, which includes about 32% of all Americans, 18% of all Canadians and 30% of the UK population, among others. Blood pressure is pressure that flowing blood exerts on arterial walls. This pressure is measured with the help of a sphygmomanometer. Normal blood pressure is considered to be between 110/65 mmHg and 140/90 mmHg. If blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mmHg, it is a sign of high blood pressure, or hypertension. Hypertension can be divided into two basic categories, primary and secondary hypertension, which differ mainly in their cause.

Primary Hypertension

Primary hypertension affects about 90-95% of all hypertension sufferers. Its cause is not known, though it is thought that primary hypertension is a result of a combination of factors (multifactorial causes). This type of hypertension mostly affects middle aged or older individuals, but its age of onset is rapidly decreasing, meaning younger and younger individuals are being affected.

Risk Factors of Primary Hypertension

There are risk factors directly affecting the emergence of hypertension. One of these is genetic predisposition, which in up to 70% of patients is for primary hypertension. Genetic predisposition is the increased likelihood of developing high blood pressure due to genetics. Another risk factor includes gender, as women tend to be affected more often than men. Other risk factors that can lead to the development of hypertension are excess salt intake, fatty and unhealthy foods, smoking, insufficient amounts of exercise, obesity and stress.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension usually affects younger individuals. It includes about 5-10% of all hypertension sufferers. The causes of secondary hypertension are known, as it is underlying illnesses that cause this condition. These illnesses typically include disease of the kidneys and its vessels, adrenal disorders, hormonal disorders, pregnancy, and in the case of hypertension in the upper body only, coarctation of the aorta or congenital narrowing of the aorta. Rarely is pheochromocytoma the cause; a tumor from the adrenal cells causing the production of large amounts of hormones influencing blood pressure, thus increasing it significantly.

Symptoms of Hypertension

Symptoms of primary and secondary hypertension can include severe clinical manifestations. In the majority of cases, hypertension develops gradually. Patients often complain of headaches, vomiting, nausea, pressure in the temples and frequent nose bleeds. Sometimes patients do not notice any symptoms and hypertension is detected accidently during an unrelated physical examination.

Complications of Hypertension

Hypertension is a disease that must be treated, as long-term elevated blood pressure has detrimental effects on both blood vessels and organs. Hypertension leads to the more rapid development of atherosclerosis, hardening of the arteries due to fat deposits on arterial walls. These arteries are narrowed and therefore do not allow sufficient amounts of blood to pass into organs. Hypertension can thus result in myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure and kidney damage, with their gradual failure.

Diagnosing Hypertension

Hypertension is not difficult to diagnose as it relies on the patient's blood pressure being measured. Blood pressure is typically taken at every doctor's visit. It is measured with a sphygmomanometer, whose cuff is wrapped around the patient's relaxed upper arm. The patient should be calm. In the event of a higher blood pressure value, possibly indicating hypertension, blood pressure should be measured again in order to eliminate so-called white coat syndrome. This is where a patient's blood pressure is increased due to stress or fear of visiting the doctor, possibly leading to a false diagnosis of hypertension.

Treating Hypertension

Treatment for hypertension depends on its type. Treatment for hypertension can be conservative or pharmacological. The basic treatment for primary hypertension is lifestyle modifications. This means improving eating habits and limiting fats and salt. It is best to abstain from alcohol and smoking, get enough physical activity, and maintain a healthy weight. If these measures are not enough, pharmacological treatment is necessary with the help of hypertensives. Secondary hypertension requires the treatment of the primary underlying illness first, as it is what is causing the hypertension. This type also requires medications with the help of hypertensives, a large group of medications that lower blood pressure by a variety of mechanisms.

Preventing Hypertension

Prevention is a set of measures leading the reduced risk of the development of an illness. With hypertension, it is lifestyle, i.e. leading a balance healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, limiting fatty and fried foods, and not adding salt to food. Regular physical activity is very important in order to prevent hypertension. Aerobic exercises are the most appropriate, which include swimming, cycling, running or aerobics. However, walking regularly is sufficient. It is further recommended to abstain from alcohol and smoking and avoid stressful situations.

Diskuze:

Phillipnar:
Nicely put, With thanks. <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">generic viagra</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy cialis usa</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">buy medication without an rx</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canadian pharmaceuticals online</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">viagra need prescription</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">viagra for sale</a>

February 20, 2020 8:15 AM

IsmaelBrock: You mentioned this effectively! <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Difference Between Provigil And Adderall</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian pharmaceuticals online</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canada pharmacies online prescriptions</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">online viagra</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canadian pharcharmy</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">blue chew viagra</a>

February 20, 2020 7:26 AM

Phillipnar:
Nicely put. With thanks! <a href="https://cialistl.com/">cialis pills</a>

February 20, 2020 4:01 AM

KeithIllek:
You said it adequately..
<a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">walgreens cbd products</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canada pharmacies online</a> <a href="https://cialistl.com/">Dubai Medical Pharmacy Cialis Price</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">buy viagra</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Can Provigil Help With Depression</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">london drugs canada</a>

February 20, 2020 3:39 AM

Ernestror:
You said it adequately.! <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">hemp oil for pain</a>

February 20, 2020 3:23 AM

Larrycoawl:
Thanks a lot! Good stuff! <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">viagra vs cialis vs levitra</a>

February 20, 2020 3:23 AM

Phillipnar:
Info effectively utilized!! <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canada pharmaceuticals online</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian rx</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canada pharmacies online prescriptions</a>

February 20, 2020 3:23 AM

Phillipnar:
You've made your point. <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canada drug pharmacy</a> <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">cheap viagra</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">Order Cialis Generic Online Reviews</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">peyronie's disease and viagra</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">cbd vape oil</a>

February 20, 2020 12:57 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Incredible plenty of wonderful data. <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canadian pharmacy viagra brand</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">aarp recommended canadian pharmacies</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">viagra without perscription</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">hemp oil vs cbd oil</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">Costo In Farmacia Cialis 20 Mg</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">viagra 100mg</a>

February 20, 2020 12:06 AM

Phillipnar:
Good facts. Thank you! <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canadian pharmacies shipping to usa</a>

February 19, 2020 8:57 PM

Tyroneoxync:
Very well expressed of course. ! <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">does viagra lower blood pressure</a>

February 19, 2020 8:57 PM

Larrycoawl:
Whoa a lot of awesome knowledge. <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">pure cbd oil for sale</a>

February 19, 2020 8:55 PM

Ernestror:
Fantastic information. Cheers. <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canada drugs online</a>

February 19, 2020 8:55 PM

Phillipnar:
Many thanks, Numerous info!
<a href="https://viagradocker.com/">female viagra pills</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canadian pharmacy</a>

February 19, 2020 8:55 PM

KeithIllek:
Truly all kinds of terrific advice!
<a href="https://cialistl.com/">Cialis Patent Expiry Date</a> <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">where to buy kratom</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">generic canadian viagra without presription</a>

February 19, 2020 8:18 PM

Phillipnar:
Thank you! Very good information! <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">global pharmacy canada</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Provigil And Restless Leg Syndrome</a>

February 19, 2020 5:37 PM

IsmaelBrock:
Terrific information. Thank you! <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">drugs for sale</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">global pharmacy canada</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">cbd gummies</a> <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">cbd oil for migraines</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">northwest pharmacy</a>

February 19, 2020 4:45 PM

Larrycoawl:
Whoa plenty of great facts! <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian pharmacies online prescriptions</a>

February 19, 2020 2:17 PM

Phillipnar:
Appreciate it, Ample info.
<a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Provigil Bioavailability</a> <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">kraken kratom</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">cialis tablets</a>

February 19, 2020 2:17 PM

Phillipnar:
Valuable postings. Thank you. <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">viagra for women</a>

February 19, 2020 1:46 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.




E-mail