Gynecomastia

Apr 15, 2012 , Kamila Burdová

gynekomastie.jpg - kopie
gynekomastie.jpg - kopie
Gynecomastia is a medical term for the growth of the mammary gland in males. Gynecomastia can occur for no particular reason, it can however also be a sign of certain diseases, such as breast cancer in males. Gynecomastia is often caused by a disbalance in female hormones, estrogens, and male hormones, androgens. The treatment of gynecomastia depends on its cause, usually no treatment is required, however.

Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is a medical term for the enlargement of the mammary glands in men and boys. It appears in many men, without originating from a disease and is completely insignificant, this is more common at an advanced age. It can occur in puberty and in newborns due to hormonal disbalances, this requires no treatment and resolves itself on its own. In many cases, gynecomastia can be a symptom of a disease, however. The growth of mammary glands is cause by a shift in the ratio of male sex hormones, testosterone, and female sex hormones, estrogen, in favor of estrogen. It can be a symptom of many serious diseases and therefore it is necessary to look for the cause, although one is found only in roughly half of the cases.

Symptoms of gynecomastia

Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts. The enlargement can be symmetrical or asymmetrical, of varying sizes from a visible swelling to a full grown female breast. Usually the enlargement is small, painless and somewhat sensitive to the touch with the gland being either soft or stiff. Irregular and hard tissue can be a sign of a breast cancer, which is more rare in men than in women, but tends to have a worse prognosis. The main reason for this is that men seek out their doctors very late. Scales and scabs will form on the breast's skin, as well as reddening and bloody discharge which leaves stains on clothes and bedding. Lymph nodes in the armpits are affected as well, making them apparent to touch, but painless.  

Causes of gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is most commonly caused by medication and is therefore a side effect of a treatment of a different disease. Certain drugs can cause gynecomastia as well, notably cannabis or amphetamines. Of the more serious causes, testicular cancer or cancer of the adrenal glands, which produce estrogen, will be looked into by a doctor. An increased amount of estrogen in body is also present during a long lasting kidney disease and during liver damage. If the amount of estrogen in body is not raised by its overproduction, the problem can lie in a low production of androgens, or male sex hormones, due to testicular issues, genetic disorders, increased function of the thyroid gland or tumors which produce compounds that inhibit testicular activity, therefore reducing the production of androgens.

Diagnostics of gynecomastia

Diagnostics of gynecomastia rely on anamnesis, physical, ultrasound, x-ray and laboraty examination. During the anamnesis the endocrinologist will focus on questions relating to childhood diseases, development during puberty, medication used, eating habits, weight gain or loss, abuse of anabolics, drugs and alcohol. During the physical exam he will evaluate the amount of body fat, size and sensitivity of breasts, underarm lymph nodes and the testicles as well. Further examinations during gynecomastia diagnosis are an ultrasound of breasts and testicles, a mammogram, the abdomen is examined to rule out changes in kidneys and liver, an x-ray, CT(computer tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or skull if there is a suspicion of a tumor. During the laboratory exam a sample of blood is taken and examined for hormonal levels, kidney and liver function and blood sugar levels or glycemia.

Treatment of gynecomastia

Gynecomastia with an undiscovered cause, which causes no issues requires no immediate treatment. The gland can always be removed for cosmetic reasons. If a tumor is discovered a surgical treatment is necessary. The breast is removed together with the affected lymph nodes in armpits. The treatment is followed by irradiation and hormonal or cytostatic medication. If the gynecomastia is caused by medication that can be replaced, it will be replaced. If a disease among whose symptoms is gynecomastia is discovered the treatment focuses on the disease. Certain risk factors are tied to certain diseases during which gynecomastia occurs. With male breast cancer this is a long term usage of anti-androgen therapy during prostate cancer and the use of hormonal agents. Risk factors of liver and kidney disease are repeated infections and toxic influenced of alcohol, obesity, diabetes, abuse of drugs, high blood pressure and arterial damage.

Prevention of gynecomastia

Avoiding products which can cause gynecomastia and prevention of cancerous diseases, which is mainly based on a healthy lifestyle, plenty of movement and sleep, healthy diet, limiting of smoking and drinking and avoiding harmful radiation and stress are all parts of gynecomastia prevention. Prevention is a hard work, but is the basis of a healthy life. If you believe you suffer from gynecomastia or have noticed worrisome changes, please consult your doctor as soon as possible.

Diskuze:

Thomasmoils: Substance Abuse Programs Near Me Residential Drug Treatment Programs Near Me <a href="http://www.long-term-rehab-centers-near-me.drugrehabssr.com" title="long term rehab centers near me">long term rehab centers near me</a> Outpatient Drug And Alcohol Treatment Suboxone Program Near Me
http://www.substance-abuse-rehabilitation-program-sarp.drugrehabssr.com

February 24, 2020 6:56 AM

Tyroneoxync:
Nicely put, Appreciate it. <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">viagra online</a>

February 20, 2020 7:30 AM

Phillipnar:
Thanks, Helpful stuff. <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">mexican pharmacies shipping to usa</a>

February 20, 2020 7:30 AM

Larrycoawl:
Many thanks! Lots of postings!
<a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canadian pharcharmy</a>

February 20, 2020 6:22 AM

Ernestror: You revealed this adequately. <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canadian online pharmacies</a>

February 20, 2020 6:22 AM

Phillipnar:
Cheers. I value it! <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">cbd oil uses</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">buy generic viagra</a>

February 20, 2020 6:22 AM

Phillipnar:
Kudos, A lot of facts.
<a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canada drug</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Provigil 400 Mg Dosage</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canadian pharmacies shipping to usa</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">generic viagra prices</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canadian pharmacies that are legit</a> <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">hemp oil cbd</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">viagra generic</a>

February 20, 2020 5:07 AM

KeithIllek:
Nicely put. Thanks.
<a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canadian pharmacies online prescriptions</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">buy bulk kratom</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canada online pharmacies</a> <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">online pharmacies of canada</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canada pharmaceutical online ordering</a>

February 20, 2020 3:33 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Nicely put, Appreciate it. <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">buy modafinil</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">trust pharmacy canada</a>

February 20, 2020 1:01 AM

Tyroneoxync:
Valuable forum posts. Regards! <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">highest rated canadian pharmacies</a>

February 20, 2020 12:32 AM

Phillipnar:
Cheers. Quite a lot of information!
<a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian pharmacies online</a>

February 20, 2020 12:32 AM

Ernestror:
Cheers, Valuable stuff. <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian pharmacy king</a>

February 20, 2020 12:00 AM

Larrycoawl:
Thank you! Excellent information. <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian pharmaceuticals online</a>

February 20, 2020 12:00 AM

Phillipnar:
Regards, A lot of content!
<a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">cbd oil legal</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">cialis 20mg</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian pharmacies shipping to usa</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">viagra online without prescription</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">how to boost viagra effects</a>

February 20, 2020 12:00 AM

Phillipnar:
With thanks! I value it! <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Provigil Increased Anxiety</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">cbd</a> <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">hemp seed oil</a> <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">viagra for sale</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">drugs from canada</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canada drug pharmacy</a>

February 19, 2020 9:49 PM

KeithIllek:
Very good information. Cheers!
<a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">online pharmacies of canada</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">highest rated canadian pharmacies</a> <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">teva viagra</a>

February 19, 2020 8:12 PM

IsmaelBrock: You reported this very well. <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">canadian pharmacy online</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">online pharmacies of canada</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">provigil lawsuit</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian online pharmacies</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">female viagra sex</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canadian pharmacies shipping to usa</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">london drugs canada</a>

February 19, 2020 5:41 PM

Phillipnar:
Good material. With thanks. <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy viagra</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">side effects for modafinil</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">no 1 canadian pharcharmy online</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">viagra generic</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">what is cbd</a>

February 19, 2020 5:27 PM

Larrycoawl:
Nicely put. With thanks! <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">Canadian Pharmacy Sells Cialis</a>

February 19, 2020 5:27 PM

Phillipnar: You actually reported that fantastically! <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canadian pharmaceuticals online</a>

February 19, 2020 5:25 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.




E-mail