Fallopian tubes

Apr 15, 2012 , Vladislava Králová

vejcovody-.jpg - kopie
vejcovody-.jpg - kopie
The Fallopian tubes are hollow tubes connecting the uterus and the ovaries. It is usually where an egg is fertilized by a male reproductive cell, sperm. The resulting embryo then travels through the tube towards the uterus, where it develops and grows. Diseases of the Fallopian tubes, if not treated properly and on time, tend to be a cause of infertility in women, and in case of the rare Fallopian cancer, a potential cause of death.

Fallopian tubes

Together with the ovaries and the uterus, fallopian tubes are one of the female internal reproductive organs. It is a pair organ, located on both sides of the uterus in the pelvis. The fallopian tubes form the connection between the ovaries and the uterus and represent the way the mature egg travels through after ovulation, the expelling of a matured egg from the ovary at the end of the ovulation cycle. The fallopian tubes is also where the get is fertilized by a sperm. This means that it is impossible to get pregnant in the normal way without fallopian tubes.

Anatomy of fallopian tubes

The fallopian tubes start in the upper part of the uterus in its corner. From there they widen funnel-like and open freely into the abdominal cavity near the ovaries. Their length is anywhere between 10-15 cm, their width is 0,5 cm on the average, although it is only a single millimeter in the uterus's corner. We discern three parts of the fallopian tube, the funnel part, the wider part and the tapered part. The funnel is the part opening near the ovaries. Its edge is lined with cilia. During ovulation the funnel places itself on the surface of the ovary in the part where the egg will be expelled. After being released, the egg is caught in the funnel and passes down through the tube. Fertilization occurs in the wider part of the tube, which is known as ampulla. The tapered part connects to the uterus' wall. The organ itself is muscular. The musculature is smooth, therefore not controllable by will. The inner mucous layer is folded into numerous folds and contains two basic types of cells.

Ciliated cells

Each type of these cells has its particular function. One type are the ciliated cells. Their name comes from the fine cilia the cells have on their surface. The cilia are constantly oscillate towards the uterus and move the eggs in that direction. The slow, rhythmical contractions of the fallopian tube's muscles also help move the egg.

Secretory cells

The second cell type are the secretory cells. These cells secrete nutritious substances. These nourish the released egg, whether it is fertilized or not. These substances also help change the sperm to allow it to fertilize the egg. This is called capacitation. After this change the sperm is moving faster, is capable of seeking out the egg and bind itself to its surface.

Fallopian tube diseases

The fallopian tubes can be afflicted by a range of diseases, which, if untreated, can lead to adhesions, blockages and infertility as a result.

Blockage of fallopian tubes

The most common and simultaneously the most serious disorder in the fallopian tube area is their partial or complete blockage. The blockage occurs based on adhesions, which are a result of an inflammation being treated insufficiently or too late. They can cause infertility, with the egg being unable to enter the uterus. The fault can also be in the insufficiency of cilliary cells, which then don't move the egg towards the uterus. The egg is then absorbed in the fallopian tube, which can be painful for the woman.

Extrauterine pregnancy

Another serious complication which can occur due to blockage of the fallopian tubes or the presence of endometriosis is an extrauterine pregnancy. During this pregnancy the fertilized egg develops generally right in the blocked or otherwise changed fallopian tube. This poses a great risk if the pregnancy continues for a longer period and the fetus reaches a bigger size. The walls of the fallopian tubes may not withstand the pressure and may rupture. This causes serious bleeding into the abdominal cavity, which can even lead to death.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disorder where the uterine mucosa, the endometrium, is founds outside the uterus, most commonly on the ovaries, the fallopian tubes and the urinary bladder. This mucosa, much like the one in the uterus is under the effect of female sex hormones and changes during menstruation, which causes minor bleeding in the afflicted area, which manifests as a long-lasting pain in the abdomen, growing worse during menstruation. Small cavities and scars eventually form around the areas with endometriosis, leading to adhesions, which in the case of endometriosis lead to infertility in up to 50% of cases.

Fallopian tube inflammation

An inflammation of the fallopian tubes happens due to a vaginal infection, during which the bacteria are spreading into the uterus, the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. Together this is referred to as a pelvic inflammatory disease. The cause of this disease are usually bacteria transmitted by sexual intercourse. Fallopian tube inflammation can be also caused by an infection of the appendix or the large intestine though. The symptoms of the inflammation vary depending on the scale of the disease. We discern an acute or chronic inflammation. Acute inflammatory disease manifests by suddenly appearing abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, nausea, constipation or diarrhea, painful urination and bleeding outside of menstruation. Purulent discharge from the vagina may also be present. Chronic inflammation manifests by back pain in the lumbar and sacral area, constipation, flatulence, irregular menstruation and infertility. The treatment mainly involves antibiotics. If the treatment is unsuccessful, a surgical intervention is needed. Any pus and adhesions are removed surgically from the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tube inflammation and the pelvic inflammatory disease in general are treated insufficiently or untreated, the risk of permanent infertility increases. The above mentioned extrauterine pregnancy can also occur dues to adhesions.

Fallopian tube cancer

Cancer of the fallopian tubes is luckily a rare disease, whose peak of occurrence is usually given as the 50th year of life. Due to the cancer developing on an organ located freely in the abdominal cavity, the cancer is symptomless for a long time. This means the cancer is often diagnosed in an advanced stage. The advanced fallopian tube cancer has a tendency of afflicting nearby organs or spreading into more remote parts of the body. The symptoms, as has already been said, only appear in cases, where the tumor causes issues due to its size or afflicting other organs, issues such as indigestion, increasing stomach volume feeling of pressure a weight in stomach and occasionally through suddenly appearing strong pain or nausea. The treatment usually involves surgical removal of the tumor and chemotherapy, aggressive anticancer drugs.

Tubal ligation

One of possible contraception methods is a tubal ligation. This is a mechanical blockage of the tube done as a small surgical procedure. Tubal ligation is a highly effective and definitive method. If the woman wants to become pregnant afterward, this is still possible. The fertilized egg needs to be inserted into the uterus by a doctor, however.

Diskuze:

MarkNak: http://bsk54.ru/communication/forum/user/88622/ Играть игровые аппараты демо, играть игровые автоматы бесплатно crezy monky Рейтинг казино mr bit 9.Минимальный депозит составляет 500 рублей, но в среднем участники пополняют на 1000, чтобы продлить сессию и получить доступ к щедрым бонусам. http://topmoney7.cigarettessalecoupons.com/index.php?p=70 Азартные игры игровые автоматы супер бомба http://kppg-sar.ru/forum/user/31560/ Как играть в казино в игре фоллаут нью вегас, как играть в вулкан казино и выигрывать Кажется, что вот-вот и аромат казино коснется сидящего перед экраном игрока.Онлайн-казино Вулкан Million сотрудничает лишь с проверенными поставщиками игрового софта, дабы обеспечить геймерам комфортные условия и безопасность игрового процесса. http://magrolmeat.hu/component/k2/itemlist/user/12446 Игровые автоматы краматорске Пополнить свой баланс, равно как и вывести деньги, вы сможете любым удобным или доступным вам способом.В этом плане портал очень выигрывает перед аналогами, так как здесь используется новейший принцип шифрования данных, так что все персональные данные и деньги под надежной защитой. http://respond24.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/961049 Заработок интернет казино миф реальность Бонусы в казино Вулкан.Вносите свой первый депозит и начинайте играть на деньги в выбранном слоте! https://www.mri-progress.ru/forum/user/33373/ Автомат Legends of Ra играть бесплатно онлайн бонус на депозит Отдых за компьютером выбирают не только подростки и молодёжь, но и люди с напряжённой работой, для кого выходные или отпуск – это редкие периоды наслаждения.Игротека онлайн казино FastPay пока не такая обширная и разнообразная. http://respond24.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/955274 Слоты играть бесплатно без регистрации адмирал Для финансовых операций используются надёжные платёжные системы: Visa, MasterCard, QIWI, Webmoney.Тестируйте новинки и уже известные слоты полностью бесплатно. http://neman.gov39.ru:80/ru/forum/user/4129/ Игры слоты Lucky Lady's Charm как выиграть официальное зеркало Онлайн казино с контролем честности и доверием игроков на 98 % В рейтинге онлайн казино с лицензией и с контролем честности собраны проверенные клубы.На личные сбережения клиенты игрового портала сорвут куш с помощью любого классического или тематического слота. https://vk.com/topic-174369746_40390021 Скачать фруктовый коктейль игровые автоматы Первая акция – бездепозитные очки.Играя в онлайн-казино Вулкан Миллион, игрок сможет получить не только массу положительных впечатлений, но и реальный бездепозитный бонус за регистрацию 1000 рублей. http://alyans-auditorov.ru/forum/user/2826/ Игра игровые автоматы играть бесплатно, игра игровые автоматы без регистрации гаминаторы И теперь наслаждайтесь творением ведущих разработчиков: популярные автоматы 90-х, с графикой 3D, deluxe в отличном исполнении и со множеством бонусов, аппараты 777, а также одноименные видео слоты в жанре кино.Они бывают двух видов: бонус на депозит; бездепозитный бонус. http://ask-anapa.ru/forum/user/1954/ Программа для взлома рулетки на гидре, программа для просчета рулетки Виртуальное казино Вулкан Неон открывает свои двери для всех любителей азартных развлечений.Основные разделы сайта казино Адмирал Х расположены на видном месте с правой стороны экрана. https://fixedup.ru/forum/user/1872/ Казино с контролем честности онлайн, казино с бесплатными деньгами без депозита Опытные и компетентные операторы отвечают на вопросы в онлайн-чате, находясь на связи в режиме 24/7/365, т.Если в ваши планы не входит резкое обогащение, и вы хотите просто приятно провести время, лучше отдать предпочтение средне- и низкодисперсионным аппаратам. http://www.c-fm.de/cms/component/k2/itemlist/user/10597 Скачать бесплатно слот мртвые звзды Для этой цели достаточно перейти по ссылке из почтового письма или SMS, которая придет на указанный номер.Служба технической поддержки казино Дрифт работает круглосуточно и без выходных дней. http://immunitet.net/forum/user/1372/ Игровой деньги King Bam Bam без регистрации вулкан Для передачи данных используется классическое SSL-шифрование данных, что обеспечивает надежную защиту ваших средств.Здесь вам гарантированы острые ощущения от игры, высокий шанс на выигрыш и хорошее настроение от захватывающего игрового процесса! https://vk.com/topic-174295331_40664838 Азино777 играть официальный сайт зеркало, азино777 играть официальный мобильная версия Открытость портала бесплатных игровых автоматов и слотов 777.Все зависит от везения и настроения. https://vk.com/topic-174296052_40895295 Игровые автоматы играть бесплатно онлайн фрутто коктель, игровые автоматы без регистр бесплатно Не многие игроки знают, что могут играть абсолютно без вложений и при этом иметь реальную возможность вывести настоящие деньги.Для многих онлайн-игроков разнообразие казино-игр определенно является решающим фактором.

May 28, 2020 1:20 AM

srgfuSeF: viagra pills buy viagra <a href="http://applicationforfoodstamps.org/www-compass-ga-gov-food-stamp-review/ #">buy viagra </a> cheap viagra viagra pills

viagra online cheap viagra <a href=https://traff.site>generic viagra </a> viagra online viagra pills

March 19, 2020 11:18 AM

Thomasmoils: Alcohol Rehab Centers Bay Cove Methadone Clinic <a href="http://www.addictive-drug-in-alcohol.drugrehabssr.com" title="addictive drug in alcohol">addictive drug in alcohol</a> Rehab Near Me For Drugs Free Drug Rehabilitation Centers Near Me
http://www.drug-rehab-los-angeles.drugrehabssr.com

February 24, 2020 7:00 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Thanks a lot! Excellent stuff. <a href="https://cialistl.com/">Do You Need Prescription For Cialis</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">global pharmacy canada</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">how long for viagra to take effect</a> <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">cbd pure hemp oil 600</a>

February 20, 2020 9:08 AM

Phillipnar:
Really plenty of useful facts. <a href="https://cialistl.com/">cialis 20 mg</a> <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">fda kratom</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">stepmom gives son viagra</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canadianpharmacy</a>

February 20, 2020 8:21 AM

Ernestror:
Terrific data. Thanks a lot. <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">what is viagra used for</a>

February 20, 2020 4:57 AM

Phillipnar:
Regards. Loads of content!
<a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian pharmacies-24h</a> <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">hemp oil vs cbd oil</a>

February 20, 2020 4:57 AM

Phillipnar: You actually stated this very well. <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">100 mg viagra lowest price</a>

February 20, 2020 4:36 AM

Tyroneoxync:
This is nicely said. ! <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian pharmaceuticals online</a>

February 20, 2020 4:36 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Thanks a lot! Loads of facts.
<a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">cbd hemp oil</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">buy provigil</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canadian drugs</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian online pharmacy</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy generic viagra</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">highest rated canadian pharmacies</a>

February 20, 2020 1:48 AM

Phillipnar:
Regards. A lot of data!
<a href="https://viagradocker.com/">viagra without a doctor prescription</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian pharmacies that ship to us</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy generic viagra</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canada pharmaceuticals online</a>

February 20, 2020 1:03 AM

Larrycoawl:
Seriously a good deal of valuable information! <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">buy generic viagra</a>

February 19, 2020 10:33 PM

Ernestror:
Wow all kinds of awesome info. <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">hemp oil vs cbd oil</a>

February 19, 2020 10:33 PM

Phillipnar:
Superb facts. Thanks. <a href="https://cialistl.com/">Where Can I Order Cialis</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">viagra commercial actress nude</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy cialis usa</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">hemp oil</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Who Makes Provigil</a>

February 19, 2020 10:33 PM

Tyroneoxync:
Effectively expressed really. . <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">online pharmacies canada</a>

February 19, 2020 9:36 PM

Phillipnar:
Nicely put, With thanks! <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Losing Weight With Provigil</a>

February 19, 2020 9:36 PM

IsmaelBrock:
Appreciate it, Loads of knowledge!
<a href="https://viagradjango.com/">when to take viagra</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canadian pharmacy viagra brand</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canadian pharmaceuticals online</a> <a href="https://cialistl.com/">Cialis Workout</a> <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">kratom for sale</a>

February 19, 2020 6:29 PM

Phillipnar:
Incredible loads of useful tips! <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">smart organics cbd oil</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">no 1 canadian pharcharmy online</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">canadian viagra</a>

February 19, 2020 5:43 PM

Larrycoawl:
Thanks a lot! An abundance of content.
<a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canada pharmaceuticals online</a>

February 19, 2020 3:56 PM

Phillipnar:
Many thanks. Ample postings.
<a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">cheap cialis</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">canadian online pharmacy</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">northwestpharmacy</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">kratom capsules</a> <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">kratom</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">modafinil vs adderall</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">viagra pills 100 mg</a>

February 19, 2020 3:56 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.




E-mail