Embolism

Apr 7, 2012 , MUDr. Ján Podhorec

embolie-3.jpg - kopie
embolie-3.jpg - kopie
Embolism is a condition of sudden clogging of blood vessels. Embolism is most often caused by a blood clot that tears off from the veins of the lower extremities and is introduced in to the lungs, where it clogs one of the arteries. Embolism may also be caused by fat in accidents, air bubbles, and very rarely by amniotic fluid.

Embolism

Embolism is a sudden closure of a blood vessel due to blockage by a moving object, thus an embolus. An embolus is usually a blood clot, but may also be a fat globule, air bubble or rarely amniotic fluid. A result of the obstruction of the blood vessels is ischemia and the tissue, which the blood vessel supplied, is pallid. Consequences of embolism can occur without any symptoms, but can also cause the patient's death.

Types of embolism

Embolism is a serious condition that is life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to first determine the cause of the resulting condition. According to the character of the clotting, or embolus, we can distinguish several types of embolism.

  • The most common type of embolism is called thromboembolism, where the embolus is a blood clot that occurs mainly in the veins of the lower extremities and pelvis. It is dangerous because it can detach and be taken away by blood into the right side of the heart and the lungs, where due to its size, it can obstruct the pulmonary arteries. Blood clots can form also in the heart, if some parts do not contract properly, such as atrial fibrillation. Then, blood clots can tear off from the left atrium and by the left ventricle they are drifted into the systemic circulation. This blood clot can get into the brain and cause a stroke.
  • Another type is fat embolism, which is caused by bone injury, blunt trauma of adipose tissue, or burns. Fat particles are not visible by the naked eye and can get stuck in the capillaries in the brain or kidneys.
  • Air embolism occurs when air enters the peripheral veins, and it can due to physical laws prevent blood flow in the vessel. It can happen during operations when the air bubble gets into a peripheral vein through an introduced cannula. It also includes the so-called Caisson disease that is caused by rapid ascent during diving. Even small quantities of air can cause death.
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is caused by complications during childbirth. It is a result of ingestion of amniotic fluid into the venous system of the uterus during childbirth and it consequently enters the lungs by blood.
  • Foreign object embolism occurs when a foreign object enters the bloodstream. For example it can be a broken needle tip etc.

Symptoms of embolism

Symptoms of embolism are very various. In general, embolism of smaller embolus may be asymptomatic. But sometimes the consequences of embolism can be severe or even fatal. The symptoms mainly depend on the location of the embolism, i.e., whether it is in venous or arterial vessels.

  • If the embolus is carried by veins most likely it will get to the heart and from the heart directly to the lungs, where it will get stuck and cause pulmonary embolism. The symptoms are chest pain, shortness of breath, pallor, sweating, increased heart and respiratory rate and expectoration of blood. Lung function may be damaged to such an extent that it leads to death.
  • If the embolus is carried by arteries it may obstruct vessels in various organs, for example the brain and cause a stroke. Or it can block a blood vessel supplying oxygenated blood for the kidneys or intestines and cause a heart attack. An embolus may also prevent blood flow into a limb, causing its necrosis.

Risk factors of embolism

There are various risk factors that lead to embolism. The most vulnerable groups are immobile patients, then patients after surgery, especially of the legs. Also, vulnerable to embolism are patients with heart failure. A risk factor is the use of hormonal contraception.

Diagnosis of embolism

Diagnosis of embolism is based primarily on the use of imaging techniques. Pulmonary embolism caused by a blood clot can be best proved by using a CT-angiography. This is an invasive method in which it is necessary to introduce a catheter into a vein, a long tube through which a contrast agent is injected. Then, using computerized tomography we can construct an image that gives information about the exact location of the clogged blood vessel. In the case of fat or air lung embolism X-rays can be used, then for air embolism also echocardiography, i.e. ultrasound of the heart.

Treatment of embolism

Embolism may be asymptomatic, with mild or dramatic symptoms. It is a dangerous complication of trauma and operations. Doctors have a wide variety of treatment options, where they can pull out the embolus, dissolve it or effectively prevent its formation. Treatment of embolism is based on the type of the embolus.

  • Treatment of thromboembolism is either thrombectomy, i.e. surgical removal of the blood clot from the blood vessel, or the use of anticoagulants, thus drugs decreasing blood clotting.
  • Treatment of fat embolism includes corticosteroids, i.e. drugs based on steroid hormones and diuretics, which cause the secretion of fluids from the body. Also, oxygen therapy is an integral part of treatment.
  • Treatment of air embolism includes inhalation of 100% oxygen, and if the air bubble is in the heart, it is necessary to lay the patient on the left side and his head down to avoid the introduction of air into the brain.
  • Treatment of amniotic fluid embolism is not in any way specific and consists in the stabilization of breathing and blood circulation of the woman and a rapid cleaning of the uterus from amniotic fluid.

Diskuze:

ben SNEY dan: APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE /PASSPORTS/I,D CARDS/DRIVERS LICENSE/GMAT/IELTS/SSN/DIPLOMAS/UTILITY BILLS/VISAS/GREEN CARD/RESIDENTS PERMIT” With Fast Shipping At https://fasteasydocs.com/ I.Ds/ 100% undetectable counterfeit money at https://fasteasydocs.com/ [email protected]/WhatsApp … + 1 (321) 999 1792

[u] Welcome to Fast Easy Docs Online[/u]

CONTACT US

www.fasteasydocs.com/ WhatsApp ……… + 1 (321) 999 1792/ Email …………… [email protected]

https://fasteasydocs.com/contact-us/ https://fasteasydocs.com/driving-license-i-d-card-form/

We produce genuine registered documents which are legally used and we also produce Fake or Novelty documents which are just use for camouflage and can not be use legally, these types of document (Fake Documents) are not important so we produce on high demand and order, We also work with agents from top embassies within the world who have all our clients information processed from within and have everything authenticated in the supposed database system.So everything we do regarding the production of a Genuine Passport, Drivers License,SSN, ID Cards, Birth Certificate, Visa, PR, Diplomas and many other documents are genuine and all the real documents that can be legally used.
[u]
ABOUT REGISTERED DOCUMENTS[/u]
1) Real documents are registered in the national database and contain all the applicant’s vital information.
2) Genuine documents comply with all the legal requirements imposed by authorities. They can be used for border crossings and other cases involving scanning procedures.
4) With real ID cards or driver’s licenses, you can apply for renewal when needed.
5) Genuine documents will cost more because they need to be registered according to the official requirements.
6) With all registration issues in mind, production of real documents takes longer.

[u]
ABOUT FAKE DOCUMENTS[/u]
1) Fake documents are not registered in any system. They are issued to a person for camouflage purposes only.
2) Although they do look like government-issued ones, false documents shall not be scanned by
data-reading machines as your personal information is not going to show up.
3) You cannot apply for renewal if your ID card or driver’s license hasn’t been registered previously.
4) As no paperwork is required for producing fake documents, they are priced much lower.
5) In most cases, your false document will be ready in a matter of days

https://fasteasydocs.com
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-documents-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-german-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-danish-passport
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-british-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-us-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-swedish-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-japanese-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/fake-documents-online
www.fasteasydocs.com

Buy Fake Documents Online | Easy Documents Online, buy-fake-documents...Buy fake documents online, with us, we guarantee with best quality and client satisfaction, we sell from passports online.Buy Fake Documents Online – Counterfeit Documents |Buy fake documents online, Real passport for sale, Buy real ID ...Buy Uk passport, Fake Uk driving license, False Canadian passport, Buy US fake ID card online, Buy novelty USA documents, Fake Frech passport online, Buy Real & Fake Documents – Buy Fake Documents Online …We Are Producers And Quality Sellers Of Real And Fake Documents. We Process And Produce Documents That You Can Use To Travel And Work In Any Part World

‎Buy Legit Passports Online

Buy Real And Fake Documents Online,Buy Real and Fake … Buy Real And Fake Documents Online,Contact Us For Counterfeit Money Buy Real and Fake Documents Online Buy Real and Fake Documents Online, IELTS, RESIDENT PERMIT ,ID CARD, DRIVERS LICENSE, VISA, BIRTH CERTIFICATES, Diplomas SSN, SIN,Buy Real & Fake Passports online, Legit Documents Online |Buy Real& Fake Legit Documents online at Legit Global Docs. We deal in Passport, Driving License, ID Cards and Other Immigrants Documents at affordable princes Buy Genuine Documents | Real and Fake Identity Documents …Buy Real Documents Online | Buy Fake Documents Quality Services Of Buy Real And Fake Documents Online.We Process And Produce Real & Fake Documents Online That You Can Use To Travel And …
Best buy fake documents online,buy fake documents online“Passport online, Fake Passports Online.buy fake documents onlinebuy documents online,buy fake passport online,fake documents online free,buy passport online,buy real fake documents review,valid documents online,buy new identity documents,buy real and fake passport online,buy real documents online,buy real and fake passport online,fake documents online,buy real fake documents ,fake documents for sale,buy fake passport online,buy passport online,buy fake currency online
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/services-2/
APPLY FOR REGISTERED DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/other-documents/
APPLY FOR REAL DRIVERS LICENSE ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-real-drivers-license-online
APPLY FOR REAL ID CARDS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-real-id-card-for-sale
APPLY FOR US DRIVER’S LICENSE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-usa-drivers-license
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DRIVER’S LICENSE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-australian-drivers-license-and-i-d-cardaustralia-driving-licence
APPLY FOR SSN ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-ssn-for-sale
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-documents-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-german-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-danish-passport
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-british-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-us-passport-online
https://onlinefastdocs.com/
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-swedish-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-japanese-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/fake-documents-online
www.fasteasydocs.com

Whats App ……… + 1 (321) 999 1792

Email …………… [email protected]

General Support: [email protected]

www.fasteasydocs.com
CONTACT US
https://fasteasydocs.com/contact-us
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/

Buy Passports online,Buy Real And Fake Documents Online,Buy fake documents online, where can i buy fake passport, buy real fake passports, buy real and fake passport online, fake passport online maker, genuine passports for sale, purchase passport online, buy uk driving licence online, buy real driving license uk, buy eu driving licence without test, quickest way to get driving licence, fake bulgarian driving licence, buy real driver’s license, buy fake english driving licence, fake uk driving licence, buy genuine driving licence, buy driving licence dvla, fake drivers license online, fake driving licence, fake driver’s license, quickest and easiest way to get bike licence, fastest way to get a full uk driving licence, buy fake id online, scannable fake id, fake id maker online, birth certificate online, apply for birth certificate online, i’ve lost my birth certificate, birth certificate prices, full birth certificate uk, how do i get a copy of my birth certificate uk, instant bachelor’s degree, buy degree from any university, buy a degree uk, verifiable degree, fake degree from real university, fake college diploma maker, buy a degree from a real university, fake diploma high school, fake diplomas that look real, fake certificates online, fake certificate maker, best fake money, where can i buy counterfeit money, buy fake notes online, buy undetectable counterfeit money, buy counterfeit money, high quality counterfeit money for sale, buy fake money that looks real.Buy Real And Fake Documents Online]Buy Real And Fake Driver’s License Online]Buy Real And Fake Passports Online]Buy Driver’s License Online]Buy 100% Fake Bank Notes]Buy AUSTRALIAN DRIVER’S LICENSE AND I.D CARD]Buy British passport online ]Buy real ID card online]Buy Fake Driver’s License]Buy German Passport online] Buy SSN]Buy US Passport online]Buy ID Card Online]Buy Fake Documents Online] Buy registered documents online]Buy real documents online]Buy registered passports online]Buy Fake Counterfeit Money Online

November 17, 2020 3:26 PM

Berrybomma: ed medications online canada: http://openlims.org

August 27, 2020 11:43 PM

ThomasSmurl: is there a generic for viagra: <a href=" https://soisunheros.org/# ">buy prescription drugs without doctor</a>

August 24, 2020 5:19 PM

ThomasSmurl: otc viagra: <a href=" https://soisunheros.org/# ">erection pills</a>

August 23, 2020 9:42 PM

TommypleMn: levitra prices: <a href=" http://levph24.com/# ">levitra generic</a> - levitra prescription
levph24.com buy levitra

August 19, 2020 6:30 PM

TommypleMn: levitra coupon: <a href=" http://levph24.com/# ">levitra online</a> - buy levitra
levph24.com levitra 20 mg

August 18, 2020 8:06 PM

GarlandBex: <a href=" http://omtivacbd.org/# ">cbd oil for sale</a> - cbd oil for sale locally
http://omtivacbd.org/ cbd cannabis oil

August 12, 2020 5:11 PM

GarlandBex: <a href=" http://omtivacbd.org/# ">500 hemp cbd oil for sale</a> - zilis cbd oil
http://omtivacbd.org/ cbd oil for sale locally

August 11, 2020 7:54 PM

ElbertPathe: hempworx cbd oil: <a href=" http://cbdoilforsalerate.com/# ">best cbd sales online</a>

August 9, 2020 5:50 PM

ElbertPathe: how much cbd oil should i take: <a href=" http://cbdoilforsalerate.com/# ">cbd oil for sale locally</a>

August 8, 2020 8:58 PM

AlvinVielm: what is cbd oil <a href=" http://cbdoilforsalecoupon.com/# ">cbd oil for arthritis</a>

August 6, 2020 6:06 PM

AlvinVielm: cbd hemp oil for sale <a href=" http://cbdoilforsalecoupon.com/# ">cbd cream</a>

August 5, 2020 8:25 PM

JohnnySak: http://propeciafavdr.com/ - finasterid

August 3, 2020 5:44 AM

JohnnySak: http://paxil100.com/ - paxil 30 mg

August 2, 2020 8:32 AM

JohnnySak: http://propeciafavdr.com/ - finasteride 1 mg

August 1, 2020 10:31 AM

Petergox: https://viagrawithoutdoctorspres.com/ - viagra online

July 28, 2020 2:53 AM

TommyCub: prescription drugs without doctor approval <a href=" http://stylid.org/# ">generic ed pills</a>
http://stylid.org/# online prescription for ed meds
erectile dysfunction pills [url=http://stylid.org/#]ed pills over the counter[/url] cialis 100 mg lowest price

July 27, 2020 11:23 AM

JerryKniva: erectile dysfunction pills <a href=" http://stylid.org/# ">ed drugs online from canada</a>
http://stylid.org/# erection pills

July 26, 2020 3:17 AM

TommyCub: best ed pills <a href=" http://stylid.org/# ">buy ed pills online</a>
http://stylid.org/# canada ed drugs
best over the counter erectile pill [url=http://stylid.org/#]online prescription for ed meds[/url] real cialis online with paypal

July 25, 2020 10:14 PM

Herbertwoogy: erectile dysfunction treatment <a href=" http://stylid.org/# ">prescription drugs online without doctor</a>
http://stylid.org/# ed pills over the counter
ed medications online canada [url=http://stylid.org/#]ed medications online canada[/url] can you have multiple orgasms with cialis

July 24, 2020 8:57 AM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.




E-mail