Breastfeeding

Apr 15, 2012 , Lucia Hlavatá

kojeni.jpg - kopie
kojeni.jpg - kopie
Breastfeeding is the feeding of a child with breastmilk. Breastfeeding represents the ideal nutrition for a child, because it contains enough of all the nutrients it requires. Complications may occur when breastfeeding, such as galactosemia or insufficient sucking reflex in children. On the mother's side, breastfeeding complication may occur with mammary gland inflammation or candidosis.

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is a way of feeding the baby with milk form the mother's breast. Mother's milk is the best possible source of nourishment for a newborn child. It has an ideal composition of basic nutrients, such as sacharids, fat, proteins, vitamins, minerals and also contains substances which protect the child from illnesses. The amount and concentration of nutrients in milk changes based on the needs and development of the growing baby. After a simple birth, the first breastfeeding should be done in the delivery room, withing 30 minutes of birth. The first breastfeeding causes great changes in the baby's immune system.

Mammary gland

The mammary gland is a part of a breast, together with fat and connective tissue. The breast's structure changes during pregnancy. The mammary gland grows at the expense of fatty tissue. This occurs by the means of two hormones. Progesteron causes the growth of the gland and estrogen helps develop the gland's ducts. A part of the brain, hypophysis starts producing a hormone, prolactin after the third month of pregnancy, which in turn helps produce first breast milk, known as colostrum. Prolactin levels keep rising throughout the entire pregnancy. Oxytocin is release during the birth, causing contractions of the uterine muscles, important for expelling the child, but it also causes contractions of the smooth muscles around the mammary glands and expels newly produced milk into the ducts. Milk is produced on its own and the production lasts for as long as the nipple stimulation caused by breastfeeding keeps signaling its need.

Types of milk when breastfeeding

Colostrum is the first milk the baby receives. It's thick with yellowish color. Colostrum contains a large amount of protein, antibodies and minerals. It boosts the child's immune system and help maturing its intestinal mucosa. After 2 weeks, colostrum changes into true breast milk, which is thinner and white to transparent. The milk released at the start of breastfeeding is watery with low concentration of fat and high content of sacharids. It helps quench the baby's thirst. After about 10 minutes of breastfeeding, a more cream-like milk appears, rich in fat. 5 more minutes is enough. The entire length of breastfeeding should be 15-20 minutes. Since a breastfed baby is entirely dependent on mother's milk, it is important for the mother to maintain a healthy life style and a proper, nutritious diet. It is necessary to avoid regular and excessive consumption of alcohol, coffee and caffeinated drinks, smoking and drugs, since they stunt development and cause the children to become restless. You should not breastfeed if using cytostatics, certain antibiotics, sedatives and psychoactive medication.

Complications of breastfeeding

A necessary requirement for successful breastfeeding is giving the child a nipple withing half an hour after birth. Breastfeeding occurs in intervals of about 2-3 hours. If the child suckles long and ineffectively, if it's restless or the breastfeeding is painful, it can be cause by an improper breastfeeding technique. Other problems or diseases can also occur, preventing breastfeeding. On the mother's side, these are mainly serious infective diseases, on the child's side it's galactosemia, the inability to digest lactose. Soreness of breasts and nipples, their tearing and injuries are a common problem. Other issues are a buildup of milk, an inflammation of the mammary gland, or candidosis, a yeast infection of the breast. Children born prematurely have a weak sucking reflex or are unable to coordinate sucking and breathing. The mother's breast can be underdeveloped and the milk production insufficient as well. In this case a switch is made to an infant formula.

Breastfeeding technique

A comfortable position for both the mother and the child is important for breastfeeding. The woman can be supported by pillows, a special nursing pillows exist providing relief when holding the child. It is necessary for the child to be held securely by its mother. The child should also be dressed appropriately, if a child is too hot, it stops feeding early and falls asleep. At home, breastfeeding can be done skin to skin, whit the mother being naked from the waist up and the child only wearing a diaper. Careful with drafts. Among the general rules of healthy breastfeeding is bringing the child to the nipple, not vice-versa, since that could lead to upsetting the comfort and quality of breastfeeding. The child should have its belly pressed to the mother, there should be no obstacle between them. The mother brings the child to her by its should and its back, the head should never be forcibly pressed to the breast, since the child will pull away if pressed. Breastfeeding should not be painful. If you encounter any pain, the most likely cause is incorrect breastfeeding technique, please consult lactation counseling, where trained personnel can provide guidance.

Advantages of breastfeeding

Children should be breastfed entirely for the first 6 months. They receive all necessary nutrients, including antibodies boosting their immune systems in the milk. After half a year it is recommended to begin with supplementing baby food, but breast milk should remain an important part of the baby's diet, up until 2 years or even more. Breastfed children have a lower risk of sudden death as well as other diseases, such as allergies, asthma, digestive tract diseases and inflammatory diseases. Breastfeeding is advantageous to the mother as well. Breastfeeding women suffer less from anemia, have a significantly lowered risk of breast, ovarian and uterine cancer, frequent and full breastfeeding has a noticeable contraceptive effect and brings psychological relaxation as well as strengthening the bond to the child.

 

Diskuze:

MarkNak: https://vk.com/topic-908891_40652936 Игровой автомат Tales of Darkness Break of Dawn правила отзывы вулкан Среди всех русскоязычных онлайн-казино на рубли, Плей Фортуна обладает самым многочисленным ассортиментом развлечений.А главный минус у игры по минимальной ставке заключается разве что в не слишком крупном выигрыше. http://topmoney7.drugspedia.net/index.php?p=65 Онлайн казино рулетка без регистраций https://vk.com/topic-905126_40379485 Игровой деньги Jewellery Store интернет казино бонус на депозит Пробуйте разные слоты, выбирайте те, которые понравятся вам больше всего и наслаждайтесь!Сервер перегружен из-за слишком большого количества посетителей. https://pizzairoll.ru/forum/user/649/ Азартные игры правовое регулирование, азартные игры флеш демо играть сейчас без регистрации В других же слотах в таблице уже сразу указаны размеры прибыли по всем цепочкам в соответствие с текущим уровнем ставки.Службы поддержки — популярные онлайн казино на реальные деньги обязательно должны предоставлять услуги службы поддержки. https://vk.com/topic-174295572_40899403 Игровые автоматы играть бесплатно онлайн жемчужина дельфина, игровые автоматы в вятских полянах адрес В данном случае сумма увеличивается на 25-75%.Характеристики и управление игровыми автоматами. https://vk.com/topic-906333_41578024 Игры слоты Atlantis интернет казино вулкан Все симуляторы открыты для изучения в демо-режиме, что позволяет играть в игровые автоматы казино Вулкан бесплатно, не тратясь на ставки.Другой вариант – зайти непосредственно на сайт UKGC (Комиссия по азартным играм Великобритании). https://rep.by/forum/user/38686/ Игровые автоматы бесплатно с бонусами, игровые автоматы дед game meker Их еще называют классическими слотами, и в большинстве из них на картинках фрукты или пирамиды с фараонами.Какой вариант выбрать – это решать только посетителям заведения, ведь у каждого имеются свои плюсы и минусы. http://www.konferencjakadry.pl/component/k2/itemlist/user/190796 Казино официальный сайт мобильная Играть в Вулкан казино интересно и выгодно!В первом случае доступна игра на реальные деньги, но придется пройти здесь регистрацию. https://xn----ftbfaiverjbwcak2o.xn--p1ai/component/k2/itemlist/user/8363 Казино онлайн grand casino Многие персонажи, созданные в кино, стали буквально известны во всем мире и о них знает каждый.Играть в Казино 888 онлайн. https://la-creme.ru/forum/user/4589/ Игровой автомат Garage правила стратегия вулкан От получения заветного джекпота вас отделяет только одно действие: необходимо лишь сделать ставку и нажать кнопку Play на игровом автомате, позволяющем играть в азартные игры, после чего вы автоматически становитесь претендентом на обладание по-настоящему больших денежных выигрышей!Депозит и вывод средств в казино PlayFortuna. http://bsk54.ru/communication/forum/user/88888/ Онлайн рулетка юа, онлайн рулетка без регистрации бесплатно Для этого необходимо проявлять высокую игровую активность, иметь открытый счет и периодически вносить депозиты.Казино Марвел дарит всем бездепозитный бонус 888 рублей. http://immunitet.net/forum/user/1136/ Играть в игровые автоматы обезъянки, играть в инровые слоты без смс и регистрации На шоудауне определяется победитель, который забирает банк на кону.Можно участвовать во всем, ни вкладывая ни копейки, получая незабываемые впечатления совершенно бесплатно. https://vk.com/topic-174370119_40947381 Казино vavada бездепозитный бонус за регистрацию Особенности и история казино.Выбор опорных опций оплаты. http://favorit-online.ru/forum/user/17068/ Игровой автомат Tales of Darkness Full Moon играть бесплатно онлайн вулкан Обзор казино вулкан ставка.Азартный интернет-портал предназначен для развлечений, входит в рейтинг казино онлайн на деньги и получения удовольствия от времяпрепровождения. https://vk.com/topic-174296276_40393771 Игровые автоматы играть бесплатно 777 sizzling hot Для того чтобы не было проблем при проведении денежных переводов, игроку предлагаются только наиболее надёжные денежные системы.Тем временем Сэм проявив слабость влюбляется по уши в элитную куртизанку по имени Джинджер, и это несмотря на то, что девушка его явно в него не влюблена, и более того она питает специфические чувства к другому мужчине. https://echokirova.ru/forum/user/31101/ Спидвин онлайн рулетка, как выиграть в рулетку на grandmaster casino com Наша команда создала и развивает портал, который поможет всем желающим ориентироваться в мире виртуальных казино.В ассортименте казино — широкий выбор самых разнообразных игр от авторитетных производителей: Amatic, NetEnt, Aristocrat, IGT (WagerWorks), BGaming, Ezugi, Mr.

May 28, 2020 10:46 AM

Floange: viagra cheap alternatives http://kaletra24.com - Ritonavir how to buy viagra in canada

March 28, 2020 3:37 AM

Floange: buy cialis from canadian pharmacy http://kaletra24.com - Lopinavir cheap daily cialis

March 27, 2020 6:12 PM

rgbvjSeF: homemade viagra juice that really work generic viagra available in usa <a href=" https://pharm-usa-official.com/# #">female viagra pills </a> viagra pills generic pharmacy viagra coffee

can i take 100 mg of viagra tricked into taking viagra <a href=https://pharm-usa-official.com/#>viagra erection </a> mother son viagra guys on viagra

https://www.hungamaprice.com/product/2-port-kvm-switch-box-keyboard-video-mouse-switch-box-control-2-pc/?unapproved=41290&moderation-hash=a548a173e3744d17d41b4c83fa48c2da#comment-41290
https://www.mazcoco.com/2020/03/10/items-that-could-make-your-vagina-feel-sore-after/?unapproved=714&moderation-hash=e586c0ae8d11b1de30a71778f70625ca#comment-714
https://momentech.me/2020/03/06/gambling-lawsuit-dismissed-against-american-134/?unapproved=647&moderation-hash=25a1c7da537b2320d4016439f11ac1b6#comment-647
https://shikin-bank.com/shikinchotatsu/sokujitsu_bizloan/comment-page-1/?unapproved=45380&moderation-hash=d613dfc656bea2270998bb66230ea072#comment-45380
http://www.insidevegasnow.com/elton-john-colosseum-caesars-palace-february-25th-2018/?unapproved=1328&moderation-hash=4cae594d5d7c43aa98a0c0490197cd83#comment-1328

March 25, 2020 7:13 AM

Larrycoawl:
This is nicely expressed. ! <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy cialis</a>

February 20, 2020 9:08 AM

Ernestror:
Awesome posts, Kudos! <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">viagra generic</a>

February 20, 2020 9:08 AM

Phillipnar: You actually reported this effectively. <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">canada drugs online</a> <a href="https://viagrapython.com/">viagra generics price</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Provigil Cardiac Arrhythmias</a> <a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">buy viagra online</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">cialis</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canadian pharmacy viagra brandcanadian pharmaceuticals online</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">drugstore online shopping</a>

February 20, 2020 9:08 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Thanks! A lot of data!
<a href="https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/">viagra without a doctors prescription</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">top rated online canadian pharmacies</a> <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">top rated canadian pharmacies online</a>

February 20, 2020 9:01 AM

Phillipnar:
With thanks! Great stuff. <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">drugs for sale</a>

February 20, 2020 7:26 AM

Tyroneoxync:
Many thanks! Numerous content.
<a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">north west pharmacy canada</a>

February 20, 2020 7:26 AM

Phillipnar:
Whoa lots of amazing data. <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Provigil Anorexia</a> <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">is viagra covered by insurance</a>

February 20, 2020 3:17 AM

Ernestror:
Whoa a good deal of wonderful knowledge! <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">highest rated canadian pharmacies</a>

February 20, 2020 2:47 AM

Phillipnar:
You have made the point. <a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">what is cbd</a> <a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">cheap cialis</a>

February 20, 2020 2:47 AM

Larrycoawl: You said that very well. <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canada pharmaceuticals online</a>

February 20, 2020 2:47 AM

KeithIllek:
Many thanks! I appreciate this!
<a href="https://cbdhempoiltrust.com/">cbd</a> <a href="https://buymodafinilntx.com/">Today Show Provigil</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/">cialis from canada</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canadian pharmacies that ship to us</a> <a href="https://cialistl.com/">Where To Buy Cialis In Ireland</a>

February 20, 2020 2:17 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Thanks. I enjoy it. <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">online pharmacy</a> <a href="https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/">viagra from canada</a> <a href="https://cbdproductstrust.com/">hemp oil</a> <a href="https://cialistl.com/">cheap cialis</a>

February 20, 2020 1:41 AM

Tyroneoxync:
Truly tons of terrific material! <a href="https://viagradjango.com/">viagra online</a>

February 20, 2020 12:28 AM

Phillipnar:
Perfectly expressed without a doubt! ! <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">online canadian pharcharmy</a>

February 20, 2020 12:28 AM

Phillipnar:
Excellent posts. Appreciate it! <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canada drugs online</a> <a href="https://viagradocker.com/">brother takes viagra</a>

February 19, 2020 8:18 PM

Larrycoawl: You actually suggested that exceptionally well. <a href="https://cbd-oil-trust.com/">cbd oil</a>

February 19, 2020 8:18 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.




E-mail