Acute pancreatitis

Apr 14, 2012 , Jiří Dyntr

akutni-zanet-slinivky.jpg - kopie
akutni-zanet-slinivky.jpg - kopie
Acute pancreatitis is a disease often caused by gallstones, but also can be caused by consuming high fat food or alcohol. The most common symptoms of acute pancreatitis include severe stomach pain, vomiting and nausea. Acute pancreatitis usually has a complicating and difficult treatment, therefore prevention is very important in the form of a varied and balanced diet.

Acute pancreatitis

The pancreas is a gland located in the abdomen near the stomach and duodenum and in the human body has two basic functions. Acute pancreatitis or acute pancreatic necrosis is a very serious disease, because despite very mild forms it may progress rapidly and result in the patient's death due to multiple organ failure. In addition, it can cause serious complications, which are long-term. Acute pancreatitis is one of the most serious acute diseases of the abdomen. This disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle.

Functions of pancreas

The pancreas is divided into two parts, exocrine and endocrine that perform two different functions. The cells of the endocrine part produce hormones important for maintaining stable blood sugar levels, called insulin and glucagon. Most pancreatic cells belong to the exocrine part that produces juice containing digestive enzymes, which digest food coming from the stomach into the small intestine. The juice from the pancreas gets to the small intestine by a thin duct, which before the outlet merges with the common bile duct, so the digestive juice flows into the small intestine together with the bile. It is very important for digestion of food, since digestive enzymes get into the gut in an inactive form and are activated by bile.

Causes of acute pancreatitis

There are a number of causes of acute pancreatitis. The most common cause are gallstones. They are formed in the gallbladder, from where they may descend to the bile duct and clog the common duct for bile and the pancreas. Bile is secreted into the bile duct all the time and it can get through the pancreatic duct into the pancreas and activate its digestive enzymes. The enzymes that normally break down food components begin to self-digest the pancreatic tissue and cause irreparable damage. Other causes of acute pancreatitis are one-time excessive alcohol intake or pancreatic injury in abdominal trauma, typically by the impact of handlebars in a bike accident. Also some other factors contribute to this disease, such as high levels of fat and calcium in the blood or certain drugs. In other cases, acute pancreatitis occurs due to an expanding peptic ulcer through the stomach wall into this area or mumps infection that attacks the salivary glands, testicles and sometimes the pancreas.

Symptoms of acute pancreatitis

Manifestations of acute pancreatitis can be very diverse. This disease is one of the most serious acute abdominal conditions and therefore it is necessary to recognize it as soon as possible. The classic symptom of acute pancreatitis is very severe abdominal pain around the navel, which may radiate to the back and is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Often is present fever without the presence of an etiological agent, or jaundice. In some cases, there is a strong reaction of the body, resulting in shock with lose of consciousness, cardiac arrest, and sometimes even death.

Complications of acute pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis is a serious disease that can lead to local and systematic complications that worsen the patient's condition.

Local complications of acute pancreatitis include an abscess, a sac filled with pus and necrotic material. Also pseudocysts can occur, i.e. a sac, which forms several weeks after acute inflammation, and are filled with fluid and have a high content of enzymes. Also an infection of the pancreas can occur, or another repeated inflammation and tissue necrosis, leading to chronic pancreatitis.

Systemic complications of acute pancreatitis include diabetes, jaundice, low calcium levels, pneumonia or respiratory distress syndrome. Furthermore, the condition may be complicated by the development of decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate, including arrhythmias. It might even cause kidney failure, or to the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation, a life-threatening condition.

Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis

Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is based on clinical, laboratory and imaging methods. For each patient, it is necessary to perform X-ray examination of the abdomen to rule out conditions of organ perforation. Furthermore it is necessary to perform abdominal ultrasonography, CT, or ERCP, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. This is a method where a probe is introduced through the mouth into the duodenum to the pancreatic duct, and here the probe is inserted into the common bile duct, to examine the clogging of this path and thus find the cause this disease. Laboratory tests identify increased pancreatic enzymes, or the presence of bacteria.

Treatment of acute pancreatitis

Treatment of acute pancreatitis depends on the severity of the disease. Mild forms are usually not treated, the patient is only rehydrated and insufficient ions are administered. Also painkillers are administered, called analgesics. In serious cases, the patient should be hospitalized and closely monitored. Treatment of severe acute pancreatitis includes rehydration of the patient, treatment of pain, and the administration of artificial nutrition into the blood to prevent further production of pancreatic digestive juices which worsen the whole situation. In severe cases, surgical removal of the destroyed pancreatic tissue is performed. Even though there is a high risk of death.

Prevention of acute pancreatitis

Much better than treating acute pancreatitis, is its prevention. The first preventive measure is clearly an appropriate lifestyle comprising a mainly balanced and varied diet. Especially dangerous are one-time large dose of alcohol intake and fatty foods. It is recommended to not avoid any food, but consume all in reasonable amounts so our body can function properly as long as possible.

Diskuze:

Clarkinork:
Thanks a lot. Lots of postings.

<a href=https://viaonlinebuymsn.com/>viagra without a prescription</a> <a href=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/>buy cialis online</a> <a href=https://safeonlinecanadian.com/>canadian pharmacies</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/>canada prescriptions drugs</a>

January 17, 2020 9:09 PM

Larrycoawl:
Many thanks! Great stuff! <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canadian online pharmacy</a>

January 17, 2020 6:28 PM

Clarkinork:
Great information. Many thanks.
<a href=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/>canadian drugs</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/>canadian cialis</a> <a href=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/>canada pharmacy online</a> <a href=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/>canadian online pharmacies</a> <a href=https://buymodafinilntx.com/>modafinil 200mg</a>

January 17, 2020 3:58 PM

IsmaelBrock:
With thanks, A good amount of forum posts!
<a href="https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/">Press Releases For Cialis</a> <a href="https://phenergangel.com/">phenergan generic</a> <a href="https://augmentin4u.com/">augmentin 875</a> <a href="https://drug-prednisone.com/">Adverse Reactions From Prednisone</a> <a href="https://cheap-retin-a-micro.com/">retin-a</a> <a href="https://celexa-today.com/">celex</a>

January 17, 2020 3:49 PM

KeithIllek:
Many thanks! Excellent stuff.
<a href="https://inderalrxlist.com/">propranolol hydrochloride</a> <a href="https://amoxicillin-amoxil.com/">trimox</a> <a href="https://metformin-hcl.com/">metformin bnf</a> <a href="https://prednisoloneeyedrops.com/">Prednisolone Acetate Generic Name</a> <a href="https://rxdiflucan.com/">fluconazole 100 mg</a> <a href="https://the-baclofen.com/">zanaflex medication</a>

January 17, 2020 2:40 PM

Clarkinork: You actually mentioned this well.
<a href=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/>drugs online</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/>canada drug pharmacy</a> <a href=https://viaonlinebuymsn.com/>generic viagra without a doctor</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/>canada online pharmacies</a> <a href=https://buymodafinilntx.com/>provigil</a> <a href=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/>ordering prescriptions from canada legally</a>

January 17, 2020 9:49 AM

IsmaelBrock:
Thank you! Valuable stuff! <a href="https://online-retin-a-cheap.com/">Isotretinoin Helps Inflammation</a> <a href="https://azithromycinmaxim.com/">z pack antibiotic</a> <a href="https://flagyl-buy.com/">flagyl 500</a> <a href="https://cephalexin-rxd.com/">cephalexin 500 mg</a> <a href="https://flomaxtoday.com/">Effectiveness Of Flomax</a> <a href="https://prednisone-20mg-pills.com/">prednisone 10 mg</a> <a href="https://larapropecia.com/">proscar medication</a>

January 17, 2020 9:41 AM

Larrycoawl:
Kudos, Useful information. <a href="https://buyrobaxin-norx.com/">methocarbamol</a>

January 17, 2020 8:49 AM

Larrycoawl:
Incredible plenty of fantastic information! <a href="https://comprarbaclofensinreceta.com/">baclofen 10 mg tablets</a>

January 17, 2020 4:10 AM

Clarkinork:
Nicely put. Many thanks!
<a href=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/>Tumore Alla Prostata Cialis</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/>highest rated canadian pharmacies</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/>trust pharmacy canada</a>

January 17, 2020 3:41 AM

IsmaelBrock: You actually suggested it perfectly. <a href="https://the-cymbalta.com/">generic cymbalta</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">canadian pharmacies that are legit</a> <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">canadian pharmacy world</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/">london drugs canada</a> <a href="https://doxycyclinebestprice.com/">doxycycline mono 100mg cap</a> <a href="https://levitraoua.com/">generic levitra</a> <a href="https://amoxicillincaamoxil.com/">amoxicillin 500mg</a>

January 17, 2020 3:31 AM

KeithIllek:
Amazing plenty of awesome advice!
<a href="https://inderalrxlist.com/">propanol</a> <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">north west pharmacy canada</a> <a href="https://cheap-retin-a-micro.com/">retin-a</a> <a href="https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/">international drug mart canadian pharmacy online store</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacycom.com/">canada drugs online</a> <a href="https://hydrochlorothiazide25mgtab.com/">losartan hydrochlorothiazide</a>

January 17, 2020 2:23 AM

Larrycoawl:
Really loads of useful advice! <a href="https://lexapro-coupon.com/">lexapro generic</a>

January 16, 2020 11:42 PM

IsmaelBrock:
Nicely put. Thank you. <a href="https://acyclovir-buy.com/">acyclovir ointment</a> <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">mexican pharmacies shipping to usa</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/">canada drugs direct</a> <a href="https://celexa-today.com/">celex</a> <a href="https://diflucan4u.com/">diflucan</a> <a href="https://r8sildenafil.com/">sildenafil 50 mg</a> <a href="https://weightlosswellbutrin.com/">generic wellbutrin</a>

January 16, 2020 9:20 PM

KeithIllek:
Amazing many of beneficial material!
<a href="https://celexa-overnight.com/">citalopram 20 mg</a> <a href="https://100mgusviagra.com/">viagra without a doctors prescription</a> <a href="https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/">north west pharmacy canada</a>

January 16, 2020 8:16 PM

Larrycoawl:
Many thanks, Numerous content!
<a href="https://cheap-retin-a-micro.com/">retin</a>

January 16, 2020 7:18 PM

Clarkinork:
Helpful information. Kudos!
<a href=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/>cheap cialis</a> <a href=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/>online pharmacies canada</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/>canada pharmacies online</a> <a href=https://buymodafinilntx.com/>provigil lawsuit</a> <a href=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/>canadianpharmacy</a> <a href=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/>online canadian pharcharmy</a>

January 16, 2020 3:22 PM

IsmaelBrock:
Great material. Thank you. <a href="https://pharmacy-cipro.com/">ciprofloxacin hcl</a> <a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">aarp approved canadian online pharmacies</a> <a href="https://lisinoprilstore.com/">lisinopril 5 mg</a> <a href="https://doxycyclinebuyonline1.com/">Doxycycline Usp 20 Mg Price</a> <a href="https://levitraoua.com/">levitra 20 mg</a>

January 16, 2020 3:08 PM

Larrycoawl:
Truly lots of fantastic tips. <a href="https://kamagra-cheapest.com/">Levitra Ou Kamagra</a>

January 16, 2020 2:33 PM

KeithIllek:
Amazing all kinds of wonderful material.
<a href="https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/">canadian online pharmacies</a> <a href="https://metforminprice.com/">glucophage xr 750</a> <a href="https://valsartanhydrochlorothiazide.com/">Cheap Hydrochlorothiazide 12 5mg Online</a> <a href="https://safeonlinecanadian.com/">canadian pharmacies without an rx</a> <a href="https://buy-celebrex-anti-pain.com/">celebrex 200 mg</a> <a href="https://acyclovir-buy.com/">acyclovir cream</a> <a href="https://prednisoloneeyedrops.com/">pred forte</a>

January 16, 2020 2:06 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next page

Post a Reply

Dear readers, we value your opinion. We want you to feel comfortable here, therefore we monitor all discussions and delete posts that are in conflict with our rules and regulations.




E-mail