Vein inflammation - treatment
Treatment of vein inflammation
Inflammation is a completely natural reaction of the body's tissue to damage. Phlebitis arises often in association with other pre-existing vein diseases, such as thrombosis, varicose veins, or it may be a purulent inflammation from the surroundings. Damage may also be caused e.g. by the introduction of intravenous infusion, where the infection gets into a vein or the vein is stimulated mechanically or by medicines. Phlebitis may also be a response to various injuries. Rarely, there are also cases in which the vein inflammation is a body reaction to the presence of cancer.
Symptoms of vein inflammation
Symptoms of phlebitis are particularly severe pain in the area of the inflammation and redness, which follows the course of the vein. The vein is rigid on palpation. The area of inflammation is usually warm, but swollen limbs do not appear. In case the inflammation formed in the association with thrombosis, the affected part of the limb is swollen, painful on palpation and rigid. Phlebitis caused by varicose veins is manifested as a painful, erythematous lesion following the zigzag vein.
Risk factors of vein inflammation
Phlebitis is caused by slow blood flow in the veins and the change in the process of blood clotting. Therefore, people with coagulation disorders often experience vein inflammation and subsequent thrombosis, i.e. clogging of a vessel by a blood clot. A significant risk factor for phlebitis is long travelling. It is primarily due to inaction of legs and a limited possibility to change their position. Other risk factors of vein inflammation are pregnancy, prolonged standing, and also older age.
Treatment of vein inflammation
Treatment of phlebitis is based on the cause, which causes the inflammation. This means that it is important to address the clinical signs of phlebitis, as well as the diseases that caused it. An essential part of treatment is prevention of phlebitis.
Treatment of vein inflammation associated with varicose veins
To prevent the development of phlebitis, it is necessary to treat the primary diseases causing the inflammation. One of them is varicose veins. Conservative treatment is compression therapy meaning wearing special compression stockings. It is also possible to use the so-called vasoprotectives. Vasoprotectives are drugs that reinforce the venous walls and improve the outflow of blood from the lower extremities. Another type of treatment of varicose veins is called sclerotherapy or hardening. This method is mainly used to remove small veins of the lower extremities. It is based on injecting the vein with special needles with a so-called sclerosing substance that etches and damages the venous wall. Next, the veins are scarred, they close and partially or completely disappear. If the vein inflammation is present, the treatment focuses on eliminating the symptoms. Compressions, various ointments and again compression stockings help.
Treatment of vein inflammation associated with venous thrombosis
Vein inflammation is often associated with formation of blood clots, thus thrombus. If the thrombus forms in the superficial veins, this is not necessarily dangerous. However, in some cases, it can get into the deeper veins of the lower extremities. That is considered a risk since the blood clot can reach the lungs, and cause the so-called pulmonary embolism. Since most patients with risk of venous thrombosis, are lying in the hospital due to other diseases, doctors try to prevent its occurrence. These preventive measures include administration of medication that reduces blood clotting.
Treatment of vein inflammation by lifestyle adjustment
Most often inflammation of the superficial veins is a harmless disease. More serious problems are not common, but it obviously does not apply to all patients. A longer-term problem usually remain varicose veins that often return after treatment and may become inflamed again. The more important is to take precautions to slow down the onset of these diseases. Prevention involves avoiding long-term standing, sitting; frequent and regular walking is recommended. It is also beneficial to maintain a normal body weight, which will not burden the veins too much. In the case of an inherited predisposition to blood clotting, or family history of varicose veins and thrombosis it is necessary to inform the doctor who prescribes an appropriate preventive medication.